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Traditionally, the canon of Sherlock Holmes consists of the 56 short stories and four novels written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Usually capitalized by aficionados of the Sherlockian game as "the Canon", the description of these 60 adventures as the Sherlock Holmes canon and the game of applying the methods of " Higher Criticism " to it was started by Ronald Knox as a playful use of the traditional definition of Canon as an authoritative list of books accepted as Holy Scripture.
Published 14 October ; contains 12 stories published in The Strand between July and June with original illustrations by Sidney Paget. Contains 12 stories published in The Strand as further episodes of the Adventures between December and December with original illustrations by Sidney Paget after the magazine publication, Doyle included " The Adventure of the Cardboard Box " only in the His Last Bow collection.
Contains 13 stories published in The Strand between October and December with original illustrations by Sidney Paget. Contains 7 stories published — Since the author's death, professional and amateur Holmesians have discussed endlessly the expansion of this canon, to include other works by Doyle, including works in other media, into the current complete adventures.
As there exists no definitive body to argue what is, and what is not canon beyond the already established novels and stories, it is unlikely that any piece, no matter how good its claim to be "canonical" will ever be popularly received into published versions of the Complete Sherlock Holmes.
However, as many as eighteen works have been cited as possible entrants. These works include plays, poems, essays on the character, and even short stories. These works, each with slightly different contents, discussed several titles and their place in the canon. In addition to the canon, Doyle wrote occasionally with a co-writer a number of vignettes, play adaptations and essays involving Holmes, and two short stories in which Holmes makes a possible cameo appearance.
Most were published in various places during his lifetime; another has only come to light since his death. These are listed below with further detail.
Doyle had been requested by his university to contribute a short piece of literature for a charity magazine. In the story, Watson has received a similar request and whilst he reads the letter at breakfast, Holmes correctly deduces the sender of the letter and Watson's thoughts with regard to the letter. It has many similarities with the canonical stories, most notably the metafictional twist in which Watson supplants Doyle as the author publishing his own stories in a magazine.
It also plays upon not only the famous skill of Holmes' observations producing apparently miraculous results, but also the notion of the "traditional breakfast scenes" which open many Holmes short stories. Though Doyle had killed off his character by , he still wrote other short stories for publication in the Strand Magazine , including "The Story of the Lost Special", a seemingly inexplicable mystery in which a special train and its few passengers disappear between two stations.
After the mystery is described in full, it is stated that a letter appeared in the press, giving a proposed solution from "an amateur reasoner of some celebrity".
It is possible, and has been proposed by Haining, Tracy, and Green, amongst others that this "amateur reasoner" was Sherlock Holmes. The strongest clue to this is the quotation, "once one has eliminated the impossible However, this suggested solution is proved wrong by a confession from the organising criminal once he is later arrested for an unrelated crime.
Haining suggested that Doyle was "getting out some Holmes" during the series hiatus, but given the failure of the unnamed detective it appears he was parodying his most famous creation. The story was published in book form in Arthur Conan Doyle's Tales of Terror and Mystery in and has for years appeared in French editions of the complete adventures.
It follows the same pattern; the mystery this time surrounds the appearance of a dead man in a railway carriage, with six pocket watches in his jacket. An explanation is offered by an amateur detective but the narrator notes that it is flawed, as it doesn't take into account all the facts. A man involved in the accidental murder of the victim writes a letter to the detective, saying that it was a "mighty clever solution" but entirely incorrect and continues to share the true events of that day.
It shares the same backing for categorising as a Sherlock Holmes story as "The Story of the Lost Special", and appears in French anthologies.
The number of watches was changed because the new title came from a reference in the Holmes story " The Noble Bachelor " to Holmes' involvement with the watches incident. When searching through Doyle's papers, Hesketh Pearson , a biographer of his, came across a plan for an unwritten story. As Richard Lancelyn Green notes, "there is no evidence to show that it is by [Doyle] and strong internal evidence to suggest that it's not".
Some are very close to Doyle's plot, others include variations from it. In , several authors were approached to contribute to the library of Queen Mary's Dolls' House. Doyle wrote a short Sherlock Holmes story, just words long, onto the tiny pages of a specially constructed miniature book: "How Watson Learned the Trick". Though written 28 years after "The Field Bazaar", this is almost a companion piece to that story.
Like "The Field Bazaar", this story is a breakfast scene, during which Watson attempts to mimic Holmes' style in guessing his thoughts. Watson's intuitions are proved wrong, however.
Unlike almost all parts of the Sherlock Holmes story it is written in the third person, presumably due to its length. Unpublished until , this play was written shortly after A Study in Scarlet was published. Holmes is not present, but Watson is, in a very different form. He acts discreditably and even marries another woman.
The publication of this play was at first suppressed, Doyle's biographer, John Dickson Carr stated that it would do no good for the public to read this, a view that Haining endorses readily. It has many original parts which are not found in the short stories but borrows many events from the canonical adventures, namely " A Scandal in Bohemia " and " The Adventure of the Final Problem ". It includes the very first mention of the phrase "Elementary, my dear Watson". Doyle and Gillette later revised the play together; it has since been revised by others twice.
Around , Doyle wrote and produced a play based on his short story " The Adventure of the Speckled Band ".
Grimesby Roylott. The play, originally entitled The Stonor Case , differs from the story in several small details, such as the names of some of the characters  and the timeline is also changed. Holmes mentions Mary Morstan, who had already proposed Dr. Watson, twice and Charles Augustus Milverton also appears as a character.
Some claim that the play originally appeared in an early draft of "Sherlock Holmes" above and was later removed, with some elements finding their way into " The Adventure of the Empty House " before the entire play was resurrected, some years later, into "The Crown Diamond" and "The Mazarin Stone. Arthur Conan Doyle rarely gave interviews or publicly discussed his character. However, the following is a list of Doyle essays on his character which are currently in publication, either in Green or Haining's book or in standard editions of the Complete Stories :.
Doyle's answer appeared in the 26 December issue of London Opinion and was reprinted in the memoir of the editor of London Opinion , Lincoln Springfield.
This essay was featured in the Strand Magazine as a Christmas treat to its readers. It talks of the way Holmes had caught the public imagination and Doyle's view on his character. An essay from Collier's Weekly , in which Doyle explains exactly where Holmes came from. It contains, at the end, J. Barrie's "The Adventure of the Two Collaborators". This appeared in The Strand Magazine to introduce a competition to name the best Sherlock Holmes adventures.
This is the sequel to the article mentioned above. In it, Doyle listed what he thought were the best Holmes adventures. Richard Lancelyn Green's The Uncollected Sherlock Holmes also includes five prefaces to the various editions of Sherlock Holmes stories and novels, Doyle's speech at the Stoll Convention Dinner , some chapters from Doyle's autobiography Memoirs and Adventures , and several interviews.
These are works which have in the past been thought to have been written by Doyle. Some have been conclusively proved to have no Doyle input, the composition of others still remains unclear.
The stories are generally extrapolations of cases briefly mentioned in the canonical work, but tend to contradict themselves and each other. They are generally considered Sherlock Holmes pastiches. This mystery, a completed Sherlock Holmes story, was found in by a Doyle biographer, Hesketh Pearson, searching through a box of Doyle's papers.
It was originally announced that the story would not be published by the Doyle estate, but it was announced it certainly was by Doyle, as the manuscript supposedly appeared in his own handwriting. However, according to Jon L. Lellenberg in Nova 57 Minor , the manuscript was not in Doyle's handwriting, but typewritten. The Strand Magazine published extracts from it in August , and it was finally published after demand from Sherlock Holmes societies in , when it was embraced as a new if slightly inferior part of the canon by The Baker Street Irregulars amongst others.
Doyle had bought the story, in the thought that he might use the idea at a later date, but he never did. Pearson, Green, Tracy and the Doyle estate agree that Whitaker wrote the story, though Haining still claims that "the opening scene between Holmes and Watson betrays the hand of the master", and that the story is partly written by Doyle. He points out that Doyle's wife, sons and biographer were fooled by the style, and it is possible there was a redraft made.
Though never claimed by any serious critic to be a Doyle work, this parody is listed here due to a popular misconception that this was written by Doyle for his friend, J.
Barrie of Peter Pan fame. Perhaps contributing to this misconception is the fact that the story appears for the first time only in a work of Doyle's, and all subsequent printings are from that source.
In fact, this story was written by Barrie for Doyle following a period of the two of them working together on a play, Jane Annie. The story itself involves Doyle and Barrie visiting Holmes, with Doyle killing Holmes due to his irritating intelligence which perhaps reflects Doyle's killing off of the character in " The Adventure of the Final Problem ".
The recognition of William Gillette as Sherlock Holmes was growing as a result of the success of the play Sherlock Holmes. Playing upon his most famous role, a short comedy sketch performed by William Gillette as a curtain raiser to an unrelated play.
It involves a mute Sherlock Holmes, and a very talkative client. In Haining and Tracy's books, they speculate as to whether or not this play was written by Arthur Conan Doyle. Certainly Gillette would have needed Doyle's consent to write an original work involving Sherlock Holmes, as the character was under copyright, but it is presumed by most Sherlockians that Gillette wrote the whole thing himself. Haining, however claims that Gillette may have asked Doyle to 'whip up something quickly for him'.
However, no manuscript exists in Doyle's hand, and no reference of the play is left by him, it has been assumed by most that it is little more than a William Gillette curiosity. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Sherlock Holmes. Main article: The Field Bazaar. Main article: The Story of the Lost Special. Main article: How Watson Learned the Trick. Main article: Sherlock Holmes play. Main article: The Exploits of Sherlock Holmes. The Final Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Edited by Peter Haining. Introduction to The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Ware: Wordsworth Classics.
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Traditionally, the canon of Sherlock Holmes consists of the 56 short stories and four novels written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Usually capitalized by aficionados of the Sherlockian game as "the Canon", the description of these 60 adventures as the Sherlock Holmes canon and the game of applying the methods of " Higher Criticism " to it was started by Ronald Knox as a playful use of the traditional definition of Canon as an authoritative list of books accepted as Holy Scripture. Published 14 October ; contains 12 stories published in The Strand between July and June with original illustrations by Sidney Paget. Contains 12 stories published in The Strand as further episodes of the Adventures between December and December with original illustrations by Sidney Paget after the magazine publication, Doyle included " The Adventure of the Cardboard Box " only in the His Last Bow collection. Contains 13 stories published in The Strand between October and December with original illustrations by Sidney Paget.
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The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes [PDF] [EPUB] [FB2] Free
The book was the first collection of Holmes stories, which Conan Doyle had been publishing in magazines since Conan Doyle was born in Scotland and studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, where he met Dr. Joseph Bell, a teacher with extraordinary deductive power. After medical school, Conan Doyle moved to London, where his slow medical practice left him ample free time to write. Starting in , a series of Holmes stories appeared in The Strand magazine, and Conan Doyle was able to give up his medical practice and devote himself to writing.
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About Author Arthur Conan Doyle:
Ты уверен, что его никто не купил. - Да вы все спятили. Это за четыреста-то баксов. Я сказал ей, что даю пятьдесят, но она хотела. Ей надо было выкупить билет на самолет - если найдется свободное место перед вылетом. Беккер почувствовал, как кровь отхлынула от его лица.
Постояв еще некоторое время в нерешительности, он сунул конверт во внутренний карман пиджака и зашагал по летному полю. Странное начало. Он постарался выкинуть этот эпизод из головы. Если повезет, он успеет вернуться и все же съездить с Сьюзан в их любимый Стоун-Мэнор. Туда и обратно, - повторил он. - Туда и обратно. Если бы он тогда знал… ГЛАВА 9 Техник систем безопасности Фил Чатрукьян собирался заглянуть в шифровалку на минуту-другую - только для того, чтобы взять забытые накануне бумаги.
ОБЪЕКТ: РОСИО ЕВА ГРАНАДА - ЛИКВИДИРОВАНА ОБЪЕКТ: ГАНС ХУБЕР - ЛИКВИДИРОВАН Тремя этажами ниже Дэвид Беккер заплатил по счету и со стаканом в руке направился через холл на открытую террасу гостиницы. - Туда и обратно, - пробормотал. Все складывалось совсем не так, как он рассчитывал. Теперь предстояло принять решение. Бросить все и ехать в аэропорт. Вопрос национальной безопасности. Он тихо выругался.
Ты уверена, что мы должны его беспокоить.