Expansion And Consolidation Of British Rule In India Pdf
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Political warfare in British colonial India aided a British minority in maintaining control over large parts of present-day India , Bangladesh , Pakistan and Burma.
- The East India Company: how a trading corporation became an imperial ruler
- Expansion and consolidation of British power in India (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download
- The Expansion and the Consolidation of the British in India
The East India Company: how a trading corporation became an imperial ruler
In , the East India Company was originally chartered to trade basic commodities such as silk, tea, salt, opium, and spices from India. Over time, the East India company radically transformed itself from a trading company into an entity that controlled India's massive empire. The British effectively ruled the sub-continent for almost two centuries, from the s until , with relatively little opposition and unrest. How was Britain, several thousand miles away and with a much smaller population, come to dominate an entire sub-continent? The reason for this was as a direct result of a unique series of circumstances that allowed Britain to establish its authority over hundreds of millions of people. Among these factors were the decline of the Mughal Empire, a lack of unity among the local inhabitants, no real rivals, technological advantages, and a clever policy of retaining local elites in power and gaining cooperation. The British first established trading posts in India to purchase spices that were much in demand in Britain and Europe.
This article will help candidates understand the expansion and consolidation of British rule in India. The British who came to India for trade eventually became the political master of India. From Battle of Plassey to annexation of Punjab in , the entire Indian sub-continent had been brought under British control. Apart from outright wars they employed methods like Subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse to expand and consolidate their empire in India. Conquest of Bengal.
Expansion and consolidation of British power in India (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download
Looking for a different module? Often described as the 'Jewel in the Crown', British India played a key role economic, strategic, military in the expansion and consolidation of British Empire. In the 18th century India had been a territory held by the English East India Company; by the midth century India became a crown colony and an integral part of the British Empire for reasons that included both resources and a role in enhancing imperial prestige. Focussing mainly on the nineteenth century, this module explores the processes through which India became a colony and its broader impact on the British Empire. More specifically, the purpose of the module is to impart in students a critical understanding of the relationship between India and the British Empire, especially the ways in which India influenced imperial policies social, economic in both metropolitan Britain and in the wider British dominions and colonies. In short, this module offers a survey of the complex, long and historically consequential relation between India and the British Empire.
consolidation of colonial rule in Bengal, Mysore, Western. India, Awadh and the Punjab. Introduction. The British colonial expansion in India began in the middle.
The Expansion and the Consolidation of the British in India
Soon after the defeat of the Spanish Armada in , London merchants presented a petition to Queen Elizabeth I for permission to sail to the Indian Ocean. Permission was granted and in , three ships sailed from Torbay around the Cape of Good Hope to the Arabian Sea on one of the earliest English overseas Indian expeditions. In , three more ships sailed east but were all lost at sea. In , another group of merchants that eventually became known as the Adventurers stated their intention to sail to the East Indies and applied to the Queen for support of the project.
This article will help candidates understand the expansion and consolidation of British rule in India. The British who came to India for trade eventually became the political master of India. From Battle of Plassey to annexation of Punjab in , the entire Indian sub-continent had been brought under British control.
Changes in land ownership and control affected how crop failures impacted human lives. Before the British colonial period, Indian agriculture was dominated by subsistence farming organized in small village communities. The farmer usually only grew enough food to feed himself and the non-agricultural people of the village community. When his crop production exceeded consumption because of favorable climatic conditions, he stored the surplus for use in lean years.
The British East India Company slowly and gradually expanded its trading activities in India by getting permission from the then ruling powers, the Mughals and the local rulers. The British East India Company in its desire to become a political power realized that it had to eliminate the other European companies from trading activity and so obtained permission to build forts and to improve its military strength. After making thorough preparations, the British East India Company acquired its foothold firmly in Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa by its victories in the battles of Plassey and Buxar