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I n this novel treatment of an old topic, Norman Geras has found himself facing in two diametrically opposite directions: within the Marxist tradition, there are those who wish to deny legitimate room for any concept of human nature; and there are others who, so far from wishing to deny the attribution of common characteristics to human beings, think such statements about human nature to be merely self-evident, banal and therefore no integral part of a Marxist perspective. In spite of having to direct his attention to both these groups at once, Geras has avoided developing an intellectual squint by producing a precise and sharply focused discussion. As might be expected from the no-nonsense analytical style and the largely exegetical approach, he is more successful in the narrower task of disposing of the opponents of human nature than in dealing with those who insist on its irrelevance to Marxism.
Norman Geras — professor emeritus of government at Manchester University, philosopher, cricket fan, country music lover, Marxist, liberal socialist, democrat, political blogger behind the influential Normblog — has died of cancer aged His interests were rich and varied, but his thought and writings form an integrated whole. From his perspective, the response to the events of 11 September was appalling. He found the readiness of many to blame the US for bringing the terrorist attack down on its own head to be intellectually feeble and morally contemptible. He argued that this section of the left was betraying its own values by offering warm understanding to terrorists and cold neglect to their victims.
Marx and Human Nature
Marx and Human Nature: Refutation of a Legend is a book by the political theorist Norman Geras , in which the author discusses the philosopher Karl Marx 's theory of human nature with reference to Marx's Sixth Thesis on Feuerbach. Geras argues that Marx did not deny the existence of a universal human nature, and maintains that the concept of human nature is compatible with historical materialism. Geras discusses Karl Marx 's Sixth Thesis on Feuerbach, which states of the philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach : "Feuerbach resolves the essence of religion into the essence of man. But the essence of man is no abstraction inherent in each single individual. In its reality it is the ensemble of the social relations.
Marx and Human Nature
Instead Geras reveals that Marx had a theory of human nature that stressed the commonality between the needs and basic capacities of all humans, but also understood the ways in which these basic elements of human beings are always thoroughly shaped by the society around them. Our need for food, clothing, shelter and so on, is common to all humans in all historical periods. But these material needs, and the necessity of collectively working to meet them, are always expressed in a specific time and place which thoroughly conditions them. But the hunger gratified by cooked meat eaten with a knife and fork is a different hunger from that which bolts down raw meat with the aid of nail, hand and tooth. Marx attacks the capitalist system as out of line with human nature, failing to meet basic human needs and reducing our inherent capacity for collective, conscious production to the blind monotony of factory life. Succinctly and powerfully argued, Marx and Human Nature is useful reading for those trying to get to grips with how Marx understood the relationship between humans, history and society. Skip to main content.
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Norman Geras, in his Marx and Human Nature,. has offered a different reading of these and other such passages. For. example, he suggests.
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In this essay I review a fast-growing sector of the current literature on Marx and the controversy that has fuelled its growth. During the last decade or so, the keen interest within moral and political philosophy in the concept of justice has left its mark on the philosophical discussion of his work. It has left it in the shape of the question: did Marx himself condemn capitalism as unjust? There are those who have argued energetically that he did not; and as many who are equally insistent that he did — a straightforward enough division, despite some differences of approach on either side of it.
He was right not to do so. His later writings are informed by an idea of a specifically human nature that fulfills both explanatory and normative functions. For it achieves something rare in its field: rationally compelling proof. Find books coming soon in
It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. This book provides a critical account of the main controversies involving Norman Geras, one of the key modern political thinkers. It moves from his youthful Trotskyism on to his book on Rosa Luxemburg, then his classic account of Marx and human nature, and his highly regarded discussion of Marx and justice.
Norman Geras obituary
В то же самое мгновение Сьюзан опять бросила взгляд на руку Танкадо, на этот раз посмотрев не на кольцо… не на гравировку на золоте, а на… его пальцы. Три пальца. Дело было вовсе не и кольце, a в человеческой плоти.
По одной секунде на вариант - получается девятнадцать недель… Когда она, задыхаясь от дыма, лежала на полу у дверцы лифта, ей вдруг вспомнились страстные слова коммандера: Я люблю тебя, Сьюзан. Я любил тебя. Сьюзан.
Давайте же, - прошептал Фонтейн. - Вычитайте, да побыстрее. Джабба схватил калькулятор и начал нажимать кнопки. - А что это за звездочка? - спросила Сьюзан. - После цифр стоит какая-то звездочка.
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Празднично одетые испанцы выходили из дверей и ворот на улицу, оживленно разговаривая и смеясь. Халохот, спустившись вниз по улочке, смачно выругался. Сначала от Беккера его отделяла лишь одна супружеская пара, и он надеялся, что они куда-нибудь свернут. Но колокольный звон растекался по улочке, призывая людей выйти из своих домов. Появилась вторая пара, с детьми, и шумно приветствовала соседей. Они болтали, смеялись и троекратно целовали друг друга в щеки. Затем подошла еще одна группа, и жертва окончательно исчезла из поля зрения Халохота.
Стратмор вытащил из-под ремня мобильник и набрал номер.