peace and security council of the african union pdf

Peace And Security Council Of The African Union Pdf

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A Tale of Two Councils: Strengthening AU-UN Cooperation

Mindful that the scourge of conflicts in Africa constitutes a significant impediment to socio-economic development;. Recalling the relevant provisions of the Constitutive Act of the AU, its objectives and principles under Articles 3 and 4;. Underlines the inextricable interdependence between peace, security and socio-economic development, which thus requires a comprehensive and integrated approach in resolving, managing and transforming conflicts in Africa; and in this regard, emphasizes the importance of addressing the structural root causes of armed conflict including, economic and social development, challenges related to economic faltering, and unequal distribution of wealth, social inequality and marginalization, human rights abuses, repression, corruption, , to prevent the escalation of armed conflict and relapse to violence, as well as promoting peace, social justice and inclusive dialogue to consolidate durable peace;. Further expresses concerns on the devastation and economic crisis caused by the current COVID pandemic to the Member States, particularly those which are doubly affected by the scourge of conflict, terrorism and violent extremism, economic sanctions, displacement owing to climate change and natural disasters; in this context, appeals to the international community for debt relief, cancellation and restructuring, aimed at increasing liquidity taking into consideration unique circumstances of the Member States who have lost revenues and existing reserves to respond to COVID pandemic and the resulting socio-economic challenges; and calls for the unconditional lifting of economic sanctions imposed on African countries to pave the way for economic recovery;. Underscores the need for respecting the principle of permanent sovereignty over natural resource wealth and for the resource-rich Member States to manage the exploration and exploitation of natural resources transparently, responsibly, prudently and in an accountable manner to ensure that the broader citizenry benefit from the wealth gained from natural resources; stresses the need to address the growing interlinkage between non-state armed actors including terrorist groups and the criminal economy involving natural resources, and calls for concerted and coordinated regional, continental and international efforts to combat illegal exploration and exploitation of natural resources to ensure that the natural wealth is used , without prejudice to national sovereignty, enhance the delivery of essential services and underpins socio-economic development of concerned Member States;.

Peace and Security Council

This article provides an overview of the origin of the PSC, and discusses elements of its design and mandate. Without significant additional funding and manpower from the AU, the PSC cannot cope with the huge security problems facing Africa. Initially apportioning responsibility for peacekeeping to the UN, the OAU suffered from insufficiently clear working procedures, poor attendance, weak chairmanship, lack of data and little action resulting from decisions made. The council comprised fifteen member states, as a standing decision-making organ for the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts. After five years of operation the PSC had imposed sanctions against regimes in several African states, including Togo, Mauritania, Guinea and Madagascar, and authorised peace operations in Sudan, the Comoros and Somalia.

AU Protocol on AU Peace and Security Council

It is a collective security and early warning arrangement intended to facilitate timely and efficient responses to conflict and crisis situations in Africa. The PSC became fully operational in early The PSC has 15 members with equal voting powers. For continuity, five members are elected for three-year terms and 10 for two-year terms.

It is patterned somewhat after the United Nations Security Council. Members are elected by the African Union Executive Council and endorsed by the Assembly of the African Union so as to reflect regional balance within Africa , as well as a variety of other criteria, including capacity to contribute militarily and financially to the union, political will to do so, and effective diplomatic presence at Addis Ababa. The council is composed of fifteen countries, of which five are elected to three-year terms, and ten to two-year terms. Countries are immediately re-eligible upon the expiration of their terms. In the early s, members of the Organization of African Unity OAU , the predecessor to the African Union AU , decided to abstain from active peacekeeping operations and focus instead on "preventive diplomacy".

Over the past 15 years, the AU—UN partnership in peace and security has evolved significantly, both in breadth and depth. Nonetheless, the partnership faces obstacles to the full realisation of its shared goal of a conflict-free African continent. Debates over political primacy and institutional leadership narrow cooperation on the most sensitive files such as Libya or Cameroon. Unresolved questions concerning financial resources and burden-sharing in peacekeeping and counter-extremism efforts continue to linger. But despite these roadblocks, the prevailing international climate underscores the political, financial and operational reality that neither the AU nor the UN can prevent conflicts and manage crises on their own. This article discusses AU—UN cooperation to date on the STG agenda and identifies priorities for the partnership to sustain this initiative beyond It argues that a strong AU—UN partnership is critical to consolidating political buy-in and overcoming policy gaps on the STG agenda, especially as they relate to collective conflict prevention and crisis management efforts.

AJOL and the millions of African and international researchers who rely on our free services are deeply grateful for your contribution. Your donation is guaranteed to directly contribute to Africans sharing their research output with a global readership. Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer. Abstract This article explores the issues of national and continental security since the formation of the Organization of African Unity. Although the OAU established a mechanism for confl ict prevention, it has not been able to effectively intervene in the many confl icts on the African continent.

Without these conditions, the approach leads to extended peace enforcement rather than peacebuilding. Yet, whatever the conditions that prevail, peacebuilding in Africa has experienced limited success due to the failure to fundamentally transform the inherited post-colonial state, society and politics. The neo-colonial conditions helped to stall the achievement of lasting peace. The African experience with peacebuilding demonstrates a need for a more fundamental peace than is internationally the norm — a peace paradigm that hinges on the continued decolonisation of the African state and society in order to give rise to what may be called a decolonial peace. Introduction The African Union AU approach to peacebuilding is an outcome of African experience with peace missions and lessons from the global environment, especially the United Nations UN. Murithi correctly indicates how discussions about peace efforts in Africa have focused on actions, successes and failures since the formation of the Organisation of African Unity OAU and sees them as part of the institutionalisation of pan-African ideals of prosperity for all, peace, development, self-reliance, freedoms and liberation Murithi


The Peace and Security Council (PSC) is the standing decision-making organ of the AU for the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts.


It is a collective security and early warning arrangement intended to facilitate timely and efficient responses to conflict and crisis situations in Africa. The PSC became fully operational in early The PSC has 15 members with equal voting powers. For continuity, five members are elected for three-year terms and 10 for two-year terms.

But sharp disagreements have hampered cooperation of late. Practical remedies can help the bodies pursue their common mission. But while increased cooperation between the UN Security Council and the AU Peace and Security Council PSC should be at the centre of this effort, internal challenges and inter-council tensions are driving the bodies apart.

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