Civilization The West And The Rest Niall Ferguson Pdf
File Name: civilization the west and the rest niall ferguson .zip
True; he is not a conservative. He is a liberal right winger, a neoconservative.
Please type in your email address in order to receive an email with instructions on how to reset your password. The rise to global predominance of Western civilization is the single most important historical phenomenon of the past five hundred years. All over the world, an astonishing proportion of people now work for Western-style companies, study at Western-style universities, vote for Western-style governments, take Western medicines, wear Western clothes, and even work Western hours. Yet six hundred years ago the petty kingdoms of Western Europe seemed unlikely to achieve much more than perpetual internecine warfare.
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Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Civilization by Niall Ferguson. And has the zenith of Western power now passed? Yet now, Ferguson shows how the Rest have downloaded the killer apps the West once monopolized, while the West has literally lost faith in itself.
Chronicling the rise and fall of empires alongside clashes and fusions of civilizations, Civilization: The West and the Rest recasts world history with force and wit.
Boldly argued and teeming with memorable characters, this is Ferguson at his very best. Get A Copy. Hardcover , pages. More Details Original Title. Other Editions Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.
To ask other readers questions about Civilization , please sign up. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Start your review of Civilization: The West and the Rest. He leaps, darts, pirhouettes, swandives, uses statistics as Molotov cocktails, he quotes, he hectors, he nudges, he booms, he hollers, he balances, he bulldozes, his book is like years of history considered as a switchback ride, most of which is spent upside down going at miles per hour.
The argument of this book is clear. NF wishes to explain why the West dominated the Rest for the last years, and then ask if the West's time is now up. He identifies six features of western civilisation as essential. Here they are. At the beginning of this story, in , the Western European territories were occupied by a nasty bunch of uneducated murderous louts who would have cut your throat for a ducat but who died of plague before they found their cuirass.
Over in the East there were the empires of China and Ottomania which had the science and the tourist attractions. It was clear where civilisation was.
But then Westerners discovered the New World and some really violent Portuguese merchant adventurers began creating havoc, followed by Spanish and English versions of the same.
Urgent competition broke out between the petty European states. At the same time China stopped trading with the outside world and declined Western approaches.
And this is often how it goes in this book — yes, this outbreak of early colonising fervour in South America and elsewhere was vital to what came next, as was China's inward-turning. Exactly why these things happened remains obscure. In contrast, Islam recognised no such division. Science had flourished under Islam but just at the time Western scientists were freed by printing Muslim theologians were successfully shutting down science in Islam. In Sultan Selim threatened anyone using a printing press with the death penalty.
In the s a scientist Taqi al-Din , who designed astronomic clocks and experimented with steam power, got permission to build an observatory. It was the equal of the famous Tycho Brahe's observatory in Denmark.
On 11 October a comet was sighted over Istanbul. They asked Taqi for an interpretation. He said it prophesied a great Muslim military victory. Theologians then said to the sultan that such peering into heavens and prophesying was blasphemous.
In the sultan ordered the observatory to be abolished. End of Islamic astronomy. This translates to the following statistic — between and the number of patents registered in Israel was 7, The number of patents registered in all Arab countries for the same period was Because, says NF, of property rights, followed by the rule of law, followed by representative government.
Which the North got and the South didn't. Imagine if Britain had discovered Mexico and Peru and had captured their gold and silver instead of the Spanish. Then the British monarch would have had this vast source of private wealth which would have freed him from dependence on Parliament to vote him his tax revenue. The importance of Parliament itself would therefore have dwindled.
Democracy would never have got going. Gold and silver killed democracy in Spain and Portugal. Labour was scarce in North America and plentiful in the South. Emigrants to North America were given land if they were freemen or if as most were they were indentured servants, they could work off their indenture in five or six years, and then be granted land. In South America the Crown owned all the land and simply granted the rights to exploit it to a small conquistador class who immediately turned into the idle rich.
They did not plant and farm, as in the north. The North American Revolution created a federal republic. The South had their revolution 40 years later yet this consigned the whole area to years of division, instability and underdevelopment. NF says that imperialism was not all bad — look at the war waged by the colonialists against tropical disease. But some of it was absolutely awful. This chapter was actually a survey of Western imperialism in Africa, and I discovered the story of German Namibia.
Unlike modern medicine, which was often imposed by force on Western colonies, the consumer society is a killer application the rest of the world has generally yearned to download. What's that sound — could it be Gibbon and Macauley spinning in their graves? Here we run into another conundrum as we read about the remarkable explosion of human activity called the Industrial revolution, which began in Britain, spread to Europe and then north America.
In one century, say , everything went off the charts — factories appeared, population doubled and trebled, wages increased, workers abandoned the countryside for the cities, appetites were discovered and attended to, such as the insatiable desire for clothes and crockery, and in general the idea came about that everyone gets rich if everyone can afford to buy the stuff and then work more and earn more to buy more stuff from more factories, and as we know, this tendency has not stopped, the gadgets and must haves have kept on a-coming, so the name of this chapter is consumption, which is also the name of a disease.
Is this the shape of the Industrial Revolution? Peking was bigger than London. In only one was Asian, all the rest European or American. In seven out of ten are Asian again. Ferguson lurches ever more hectically from one topic to another as the book proceeds — talking about the post-World War One period he goes from national self-determination to the Bolshevik Revolution to Fascism to the US economy to Hollywood movies to Duke Ellington to Federal banking policies to Keynes to the USSR to the nude in Western art all between pages and NF says it was Protestantism's work-and-save ethic which built up the capital which created the powerful economies in the West.
I did not get how frugality, working all the hours and saving co-existed with the consumerism whose demands also created the powerful economies. It seemed a contradiction. But this is what NF is like, by the time you're formulating an objection to the points he slings out right and left, he's off onto something else. NF gets some kind of prize for the most ridiculously eclectic pop-cultural referencing to be found in a modern history book. From Immanuel Kant to Jonathan King in one book.
And finally : NF dismisses the conventional notion that civilisations begin, bloom, fade and die in a cyclical manner, slowly, over centuries. He says the USSR is actually the model - civilisations can actually disappear within a decade. Happened to the Incas, happened to the Ming dynasty, various others too. So, yes, it could happen to "the West" - but since the world had now downloaded our killer apps, whoever takes over from the West, if they ever do, will already be as Western as makes no never mind.
After sounding like another library-snorting Jeremiah to add to our collection, he ends with a sardonically raised eyebrow.
Look no further, my friends, look no further, should you be seeking proof. I ordered this new history book about the rise of the West and when I ordered it, it was called Civilization : The West and The Rest but when I unwrapped the paperback version, lo!
View all 51 comments. Jan 09, Harpal rated it did not like it. Not only does he offer no novel explanation or nuanced interpretation, but his very answer is incoherent, disorganized, and downright simplistic.
What was it about the civilization of Western Europe that allowed it to trump the outwardly superior empires of the Orient? The key question today is whether or not the West has lost its monopoly on these six things. If so, Mr. Ferguson warns, we may be living through the end of Western ascendancy. Download PDF. Help us present groundbreaking exhibitions and develop educational programs about our nation's history for more than , schoolchildren annually. Niall Ferguson is a best-selling author and a writer and presenter of television documentary series.
Has Civilization by Niall Ferguson been sitting on your reading list? Pick up the key ideas in the book with this quick summary. If you had been able to travel around the globe in the fifteenth century, you would have been more impressed with the civilizations of the Orient than with those of Europe. The societies in the East were more culturally and technologically advanced than their European counterparts. Europe was in fact a relative backwater, plagued by conflict among its many states.
Civilization : the West and the rest
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Civilization: Is the West History? Presented by Niall Ferguson , the show reveals the 'killer apps' of the West's success — competition, science, the property owning democracy, modern medicine, the consumer society and the Protestant work ethic — the real explanation of how, for five centuries, a clear minority of mankind managed to secure the majority of the earth's resources. According to the historian, Western civilization's rise to global dominance is the single most important historical phenomenon of the past five centuries.
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Его крик эхом отозвался в черноте, застилавшей. Беккер не знал, сколько времени пролежал, пока над ним вновь не возникли лампы дневного света. Кругом стояла тишина, и эту тишину вдруг нарушил чей-то голос. Кто-то звал. Он попытался оторвать голову от пола. Мир кругом казался расплывчатым, каким-то водянистым. И снова этот голос.
Кольцо у нее, сказал он. Наконец-то. Он не знал, каким образом она поняла, что ему нужно кольцо, но был слишком уставшим, чтобы терзаться этим вопросом. Его тело расслабилось, он представил себе, как вручает кольцо сияющему заместителю директора АНБ. А потом они со Сьюзан будут лежать в кровати с балдахином в Стоун-Мэнор и наверстывать упущенное время.
Вот. На ступенях прямо перед Халохотом сверкнул какой-то металлический предмет. Он вылетел из-за поворота на уровне лодыжек подобно рапире фехтовальщика. Халохот попробовал отклониться влево, но не успел и со всей силы ударился об него голенью. В попытке сохранить равновесие он резко выбросил руки в стороны, но они ухватились за пустоту. Внезапно он взвился в воздух и боком полетел вниз, прямо над Беккером, распростертым на животе с вытянутыми вперед руками, продолжавшими сжимать подсвечник, об который споткнулся Халохот.
На ней была черная ночная рубашка; загорелая, орехового оттенка кожа светилась в мягком свете ночника, соски призывно выделялись под тонкой прозрачной тканью. - Komm doch hierher, - сказал немец сдавленным голосом, сбрасывая с себя пижаму и поворачиваясь на спину. Росио через силу улыбнулась и подошла к постели.