types of soil in india and the crops grown in them pdf

Types Of Soil In India And The Crops Grown In Them Pdf

On Friday, April 30, 2021 12:02:47 AM

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The soil is formed when rocks are broken down by the action of wind, water and climate. This process is called weathering. The characteristic features of a soil depend upon the rocks from which it has been formed and the kind of plants that grow in it. Soil forms different layers of particles of different sizes. Each layer is different from the other in texture, colour and chemical composition.

Classification and Properties of the major soil in India

Soil can be categorised into sand, clay, silt, peat, chalk and loam types of soil based on the dominating size of the particles within a soil. Sandy Soil is light, warm, dry and tend to be acidic and low in nutrients.

Sandy soils are often known as light soils due to their high proportion of sand and little clay clay weighs more than sand. These soils have quick water drainage and are easy to work with. They are quicker to warm up in spring than clay soils but tend to dry out in summer and suffer from low nutrients that are washed away by rain. The addition of organic matter can help give plants an additional boost of nutrients by improving the nutrient and water holding capacity of the soil.

Clay Soil is a heavy soil type that benefits from high nutrients. Clay soils remain wet and cold in winter and dry out in summer. These soils are made of over 25 percent clay, and because of the spaces found between clay particles, clay soils hold a high amount of water. Because these soils drain slowly and take longer to warm up in summer, combined with drying out and cracking in summer, they can often test gardeners.

This type of soil is very rarely found in a garden and often imported into a garden to provide an optimum soil base for planting. Chalk soil can be either light or heavy but always highly alkaline due to the calcium carbonate or lime within its structure. As these soils are alkaline they will not support the growth of ericaceous plants that require acidic soils to grow.

Loam soil is a mixture of sand, silt and clay that are combined to avoid the negative effects of each type. These soils are fertile, easy to work with and provide good drainage. Depending on their predominant composition they can be either sandy or clay loam. As the soils are a perfect balance of soil particles, they are considered to be a gardeners best friend, but still benefit from topping up with additional organic matter.

We also have an online store for smaller soil purchases: www.

Classification of Indian soils – Download PDF & Check Daily Updates Here!!!

And soil is the bedrock of geography. The soil in an area is an indicator of the climate of that region, not to mention the history and formation of that region. It is a factor that influences the vegetation, wildlife, and human culture in that region. You can download this in PDF for revision later. It is the mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, water and air and other organisms.


The soils of Peninsular India are those which have been formed by the ontents. Though they can be used for variety of crop cultivation provided the fields ar.


Soils of India: Classification and Characteristics

Soil can be categorised into sand, clay, silt, peat, chalk and loam types of soil based on the dominating size of the particles within a soil. Sandy Soil is light, warm, dry and tend to be acidic and low in nutrients. Sandy soils are often known as light soils due to their high proportion of sand and little clay clay weighs more than sand.

The topo-lithosequence of Kerala along with variation in rainfall, temperature and alternate wet and dry conditions particularly from the western coast to high ranges in the east and swift flowing rivers lead to the development of different types of natural vegetation and soil. The soils of Kerala can be broadly grouped into coastal alluvium, mixed alluvium, acid saline, kari, laterite, red, hill, black cotton and forest soils. These soils of marine origin are identified along the coastal plains and basin lands as a narrow strip. The elevation of the coastal area is generally below 5m MSL.

Department of Plant Sciences
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5 Comments

  1. Pabil C.

    derived from land-based crops that grow in the soil. The soil on which we depend so much we find that it consists of three layers which types of soils in India.

    01.05.2021 at 12:08 Reply
  2. Paul Z.

    has divided Indian Soil into 8 major groups they are: a) Alluvial soil. b) Black soil. c) Red soil. d) Laterite soil. e) Desert soil. f) Mountain soil. g) Saline soil and Alkaline soil and.

    04.05.2021 at 18:12 Reply
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