the origins and history of consciousness pdf

The Origins And History Of Consciousness Pdf

On Monday, April 26, 2021 11:56:18 AM

File Name: the origins and history of consciousness .zip
Size: 2549Kb
Published: 26.04.2021

Graham Little, editor. The Origin of Consciousness. Northcote: Self Help Guides Limited.

The Origins and History of Consciousness

Graham Little, editor. The Origin of Consciousness. Northcote: Self Help Guides Limited. ISBN: The origin of consciousness is one the most intractable mysteries about the human mind, because of its intrinsic conceptual and theoretical difficulties. By adopting a truly multidisciplinary approach, Graham Little tackles this problem in an original and accessible book.

The author endorses the view that consciousness can only be discussed from within a general theory of psychology.

He therefore devotes the first part of his book to the development of a sound methodology which can be used to create a psychological theory of the person. In doing so, he acknowledges the inspiring role of William Ross Ashby's work in cybernetics and analysis of self-correcting systems. The second part of the book explores the consequences of the psychological theory of the person to the multifaceted nature of humankind.

The human brain is defined as the highest state of evolved neural structure adapted to make maximum survival use of the environmental niche of differentiated perceptual fields. One of the key steps in the origin of consciousness was the development of the neural capacity to record and group events according to their properties, thereby generating ideas.

Crucially, neural evolution also developed an attention mechanism alerting the individual to danger. The attention mechanism of the brain enabling redirection of neural flows contrary to entropy is called choice, or free will, and is the only system in the universe not directed by entropy.

Creative free will is intrinsically unpredictable, and is the core inherent strength of humankind enabling it to overcome entropy by creating and adopting new ideas whenever the decision is made to invest the effort. The remainder of the evolved structure of the psyche, including knowledge, emotions, and attitudes, is defined as mind.

Therefore, consciousness is a function of the content of the brain, not the mechanism of the brain. A fundamental aspect of human experience is the resolution of the tension between entropy and free will. The themes covered by the book reflect the breadth of the theory's implications. A few examples include epistemology and the problem of knowledge chapters 4, 10, and 34 , perception chapter 5 , psychological theory chapter 11 , free will chapter 16 , dreaming chapter 21 , learning chapter 22 , intelligence chapter 23 , artificial intelligence chapter 25 , spirituality chapter 26 , mental illness chapter 27 , causality chapter 30 , and modern physics chapter In consideration of its breadth, this book embraces a wide readership, which includes, but is not restricted to, psychologists, social scientists, philosophers, and neuroscientists.

Two late authors sprang to my mind when reading Graham Little's book on the origin of consciousness. Interestingly, Feyerabend's background also touched on philosophy of mind and consciousness studies Feyerabend, Does Graham Little's thought-provoking book provide the ultimate answer to the question of the origin of consciousness? Readers will find their answers at the end of this intellectual journey through what comes across as an interesting and original attempt from a genuinely free thinker.

The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Front Psychol v. Front Psychol.

Published online Nov Reviewed by Andrea E. Andrea E. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This article was submitted to Evolutionary Psychology and Neuroscience, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology.

Received Oct 8; Accepted Nov Keywords: consciousness, evolution, self concept, epistemology, psychology. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.

No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Conflict of interest statement The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

References Ashby W. Design for a Brain. London: Chapman-Hall. London: New Left Books. Materialism and the mind-body problem. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. New York, NY: Picador. Support Center Support Center. External link. Please review our privacy policy.

The origin of consciousness and beyond

How is consciousness created? When did it first appear on Earth, and how did it evolve? What constitutes consciousness, and which animals can be said to be sentient? In this book, Todd Feinberg and Jon Mallatt draw on recent scientific findings to answer these questions—and to tackle the most fundamental question about the nature of consciousness: how does the material brain create subjective experience? After assembling a list of the biological and neurobiological features that seem responsible for consciousness, and considering the fossil record of evolution, Feinberg and Mallatt argue that consciousness appeared much earlier in evolutionary history than is commonly assumed. From this they deduce that all vertebrates are and have always been conscious—not just humans and other mammals, but also every fish, reptile, amphibian, and bird.


The Origins and History of Consciousness draws on a full range of world mythology to show how individual consciousness undergoes the same archetypal stages of Read Online · Download PDF. Save. Cite this Item. TRANSLATOR'S.


The Origins and History of Consciousness

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read.

Many of our ebooks are available for purchase from these online vendors:. Many of our ebooks are available through library electronic resources including these platforms:. The Origins and History of Consciousness draws on a full range of world mythology to show how individual consciousness undergoes the same archetypal stages of development as human consciousness as a whole.

See what's new with book lending at the Internet Archive. Search icon An illustration of a magnifying glass. User icon An illustration of a person's head and chest. Sign up Log in. Web icon An illustration of a computer application window Wayback Machine Texts icon An illustration of an open book.

References

Cookies are used to provide, analyse and improve our services; provide chat tools; and show you relevant content on advertising. You can learn more about our use of cookies here Are you happy to accept cookies? You can learn more about how we plus approved third parties use cookies and how to change your settings by visiting the Cookies notice. The choices you make here will apply to your interaction with this service on this device. Essential We use cookies to provide our services, for example, to keep track of items stored in your shopping basket, prevent fraudulent activity, improve the security of our services, keep track of your specific preferences such as currency or language preferences , and display features, products and services that might be of interest to you. Because we use cookies to provide you our services, they cannot be disabled when used for these purposes. For example, we use cookies to conduct research and diagnostics to improve our content, products and services, and to measure and analyse the performance of our services.

for pdf guide pdf

Subscribe

Subscribe Now To Get Daily Updates