list of vitamins and its deficiency diseases pdf

List Of Vitamins And Its Deficiency Diseases Pdf

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The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food.

A vitamin deficiency occurs when you do not get enough of a certain vitamin.

Nutritional disease

The B vitamins are a group of eight nutrients, each with unique roles in keeping the body healthy. Some foods are high in several B vitamins, and certain foods are particularly high in specific B vitamins. Eating a balanced diet is key to getting all nutrients your body needs. This article provides a rundown of the most common types of vitamin B, including why you need them, their deficiency symptoms, and which foods contain them.

Certain groups, such as older adults and pregnant women , are more at risk for vitamin B deficiencies. They need larger amounts of some types of vitamin B. They can range from fatigue and confusion to anemia or a compromised immune system. Skin rashes also can occur. To treat a B vitamin deficiency, your doctor will likely recommend that you take supplements or increase your intake of certain foods that contain the target vitamin.

Older adults, pregnant women, and people with certain health conditions are more likely to have vitamin B deficiencies. Vitamin B12 , also called cobalamin, helps regulate the nervous system. It also plays a role in growth and red blood cell formation. A vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to disruption in the nervous system and the circulatory system.

Vitamin B12 deficiencies can lead to megaloblastic anemia , a condition where the bone marrow produces large abnormally shaped red blood cells that do not function properly. Psychological conditions such as dementia , paranoia , depression , and behavioral changes can result from a vitamin B12 deficiency. Neurological damage sometimes cannot be reversed. Vitamin B12 deficiency affects between 1.

Vitamin B12 is found primarily in meat and dairy products, so people on a vegan diet are at risk for deficiency. However, there are foods options to meet their B12 dietary needs. Vegetarian sources include dairy and eggs. Vegan sources of B12 include fortified foods and nutritional yeast. Read about vegetarian sources of B12 here. Try this recipe for a brunch version of ratatouille. Eggs and cheese make it a great source of vitamin B Vitamin B12 deficiency is relatively common.

Low levels of B12 can cause anemia, fatigue, and nerve problems. Vitamin B6 , also called pyridoxine, helps the body turn food into energy. It can also help the body fight infections by supporting the immune system. Vitamin B6 deficiency is not common in the United States. Insufficient amounts of B6 can result in anemia as well as skin disorders, such as an itchy rash or cracks around the mouth. Whip up this Asian salmon and spinach rice bowl to get your daily serving of vitamin B6.

Vitamin B6 deficiency is uncommon. Symptoms include anemia and skin problems, such as itchy skin rashes and cracks around the mouth. Vitamin B1 is also called thiamin, and vitamin B2 is also called riboflavin. These vitamins help convert food into energy. Vitamin B1 has neurological benefits, and vitamin B2 helps maintain proper eyesight. Vitamin B1 deficiency is rare , and vitamin B2 deficiency is very rare , in the United States.

This is due to the fact that many foods, such as milk and whole-grain cereals, are fortified with these vitamins. It can become an issue with people who misuse alcohol, however, presenting symptoms such as confusion and cracks along the sides of the mouth. Get your daily servings of green vegetables with this green smoothie. Vitamin B1 and B2 deficiencies are rare in the United States. Symptoms include confusion and cracks along the sides of the mouth. Vitamin B3 , also called niacin, helps convert food into energy.

It also aids in proper digestion and healthy appetite, and is important for cell development. A lack of niacin can cause digestive issues, such as nausea and abdominal cramps. Severe deficiency may also cause mental confusion. Vitamin B3 deficiency is very rare in the United States. Severe deficiency can result in a condition called pellagra , with symptoms such as:.

These Thai chicken tacos with peanut sauce are a great way to get niacin in your diet. Vitamin B3 deficiencies are very rare in the United States. In severe cases, low B3 can lead to a serious condition called pellagra. Vitamin B9 is also called folate. Folate occurs naturally in foods. Folic acid is the synthetic form, often found in fortified, processed foods. Like most B vitamins, B9 fosters the growth of red blood cells.

It also reduces the risk of birth defects when pregnant women consume it. Vitamin B9 deficiency is rare in the United States, but it does occur.

Pregnant women with a folate deficiency could result in their babies being born with neural tube defects, such as spina bifida. Excessive supplemental folic acid during pregnancy, however, may also lead to a baby developing neurological problems. Make this spicy roasted beet hummus as a snack or appetizer.

There are plenty of delicious foods available to get all the nutrients you need naturally. Try to eat a complete diet of:. Supplementation is only a last resort if you cannot obtain B vitamins through diet or if you have certain health conditions that require using supplements. Over-the-counter supplements can often treat or prevent deficiency. The risk of overdose is lower than other nutrients because B vitamins are water soluble. However, supplements may still cause:.

If you suspect you might be vitamin B deficient, contact your doctor. They might perform a physical exam as well as order blood testing.

There are eight types of vitamin B, each with a unique function in the body. Deficiencies in each of these vitamins will results in different symptoms. Most people can get all nutrients they need, including B vitamins, by eating a varied diet of lean meats, grains, fruits, and vegetables.

Everyone needs vitamin B, and most people get enough through their diet. But if you take supplements, you might ingest more than your body needs…. When is the best time to take vitamins? Learn about optimal ways to take different types of vitamins. Thiamine is an essential nutrient that the body needs to turn food into energy.

Find out what foods to eat to make sure you get the right amount. Folate is a B vitamin. It helps make DNA and produce red blood cells. A folate deficiency can lead to complications, especially in pregnant women.

Vitamin B-2 and the other B vitamins help your body build red blood cells and help give you energy. Learn more about them. Wondering what vitamins are most important during pregnancy? B complex, which contains the spectrum of B vitamins, will keep your body strong while….

Symptoms of Vitamin B Deficiencies. Who is at risk? Share on Pinterest. Vitamin B Vitamin B6. Vitamins B1 and B2. Vitamin B3. Vitamin B9. How to prevent a deficiency. The bottom line. Read this next. Medically reviewed by Alan Carter, Pharm. When is the Best Time to Take Vitamins? Medically reviewed by Debra Rose Wilson, Ph. What Does Vitamin B-1 Do?

Symptoms of Vitamin B Deficiencies

Moreover, the Global Hunger Index Report ranked India 20th amongst leading countries with a serious hunger situation. These facts hint dire consequences for mortality rate, productivity and economic growth. Therefore, nutritional deficiency diseases have obtained an important place in various government competitive exams. This list of nutrients, their sources, constituents and deficiency diseases will help you prepare for the same. Download this as PDF. We hope you find this post on deficiency diseases and malnutrition helpful. Go through some more of our similar posts to enhance your general awareness:.

Fat-soluble vitamins, including vitamins A, D and E, are required for a wide variety of physiological functions. Over the past two decades, deficiencies of these vitamins have been associated with increased risk of cancer, type II diabetes mellitus and a number of immune system disorders. In addition, there is increasing evidence of interactions between these vitamins, especially between vitamins A and D. As a result of this enhanced clinical association with disease, translational clinical research and laboratory requests for vitamin measurements have significantly increased. There are significant obstacles to precise FSV measurement in blood. These obstacles include their physical and chemical properties, incomplete standardisation of measurement and limitations in the techniques that are currently used for quantification. The aim of this review is to briefly outline the metabolism and interactions of FSV as a prelude to identifying the current challenges for the quantification of blood vitamins A, D and E.

The B vitamins are a group of eight nutrients, each with unique roles in keeping the body healthy. Some foods are high in several B vitamins, and certain foods are particularly high in specific B vitamins. Eating a balanced diet is key to getting all nutrients your body needs. This article provides a rundown of the most common types of vitamin B, including why you need them, their deficiency symptoms, and which foods contain them. Certain groups, such as older adults and pregnant women , are more at risk for vitamin B deficiencies.

Vitamins - Sources, Benefits and Deficiency Diseases. Free static GK e-book The Following table contains the list all the body parts and functions which are.

Vitamin Deficiency Diseases List PDF

Vitamin deficiency is the condition of a long-term lack of a vitamin. When caused by not enough vitamin intake it is classified as a primary deficiency , whereas when due to an underlying disorder such as malabsorption it is called a secondary deficiency. An underlying disorder may be metabolic — as in a genetic defect for converting tryptophan to niacin — or from lifestyle choices that increase vitamin needs, such as smoking or drinking alcohol. Conversely hypervitaminosis refers to symptoms caused by vitamin intakes in excess of needs, especially for fat-soluble vitamins that can accumulate in body tissues.

A vitamin is an organic molecule or a set of molecules closely related chemically, i. Essential nutrients cannot be synthesized in the organism, either at all or not in sufficient quantities, and therefore must be obtained through the diet. Vitamin C can be synthesized by some species but not by others; it is not a vitamin in the first instance but is in the second. The term vitamin does not include the three other groups of essential nutrients : minerals , essential fatty acids , and essential amino acids. For example, there are eight vitamers of vitamin E : four tocopherols and four tocotrienols.

Vitamin deficiency

Fat-Soluble Vitamins: Clinical Indications and Current Challenges for Chromatographic Measurement

Nutritional disease , any of the nutrient-related diseases and conditions that cause illness in humans. They may include deficiencies or excesses in the diet, obesity and eating disorders , and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease , hypertension , cancer , and diabetes mellitus. Nutritional diseases also include developmental abnormalities that can be prevented by diet, hereditary metabolic disorders that respond to dietary treatment , the interaction of foods and nutrients with drugs , food allergies and intolerances, and potential hazards in the food supply. All of these categories are described in this article.

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. B vitamins are a group of eight essential nutrients that play roles in many organs and bodily systems. Although they can work together in the body, they also carry out their own unique functions. In this article, we explore the function of B vitamins in the body and some key dietary sources of each. They help the body convert food into energy metabolism , create new blood cells, and maintain healthy skin cells, brain cells, and other body tissues. B vitamins often occur together in the same foods.

Deficiency Diseases and Malnutrition – GK Notes in PDF

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Простите. Я был ослеплен своими амбициями. Стоя над Хейлом и стараясь унять дрожь, Сьюзан услышала приближающиеся шаги и медленно обернулась.

Сьюзан ощутила угрызения совести. - Я тоже хватила через край. Извините .

A complete guide to B vitamins

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Коммандер шел в Третий узел - к Сьюзан. К своему будущему. Шифровалка снова купалась в ярких огнях.

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Vitamin Deficiency Diseases PDF
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