neural bases of cognitive conflict and control in moral judgment pdf

Neural Bases Of Cognitive Conflict And Control In Moral Judgment Pdf

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Search DASH. This Collection. Submitters Login Quick submit Waiver Generator. Nystrom, Andrew D. Engell, John M. Darley, and Jonathan D. The neural bases of cognitive conflict and control in moral judgment. Neuron 44, no. InstRepos dc. The present fMRI data support a theory of moral judgment according to which both "cognitive" and emotional processes play crucial and sometimes mutually competitive roles. The present results indicate that brain regions associated with abstract reasoning and cognitive control including dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex are recruited to resolve difficult personal moral dilemmas in which utilitarian values require "personal" moral violations, violations that have previously been associated with increased activity in emotion-related brain regions.

Several regions of frontal and parietal cortex predict intertrial differences in moral judgment behavior, exhibiting greater activity for utilitarian judgments. We speculate that the controversy surrounding utilitarian moral philosophy reflects an underlying tension between competing subsystems in the brain.

Greene, Joshua D. Traditional theories of moral psychology emphasize reasoning and "higher cognition," while more recent work emphasizes the role of emotion.

The Neural Bases of Cognitive Conflict and Control in Moral Judgment

A common feature of the antisocial, rule-breaking behavior that is central to criminal, violent and psychopathic individuals is the failure to follow moral guidelines. This review summarizes key findings from brain imaging research on both antisocial behavior and moral reasoning, and integrates these findings into a neural moral model of antisocial behavior. Key areas found to be functionally or structurally impaired in antisocial populations include dorsal and ventral regions of the prefrontal cortex PFC , amygdala, hippocampus, angular gyrus, anterior cingulate and temporal cortex. It is hypothesized that the rule-breaking behavior common to antisocial, violent and psychopathic individuals is in part due to impairments in some of the structures dorsal and ventral PFC, amygdala and angular gyrus subserving moral cognition and emotion. Impairments to the emotional component that comprises the feeling of what is moral is viewed as the primary deficit in antisocials, although some disruption to the cognitive and cognitive-emotional components of morality particularly self-referential thinking and emotion regulation cannot be ruled out. While this neurobiological predisposition is likely only one of several biosocial processes involved in the etiology of antisocial behavior, it raises significant moral issues for the legal system and neuroethics.

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Selective deficit in personal moral judgment following damage to ventromedial prefrontal cortex

Human decision-making that involves moral dilemmas is a complex process, as individuals try to adhere to their moral values while their actual decisions can be influenced by several situational constraints. Although many neuroimaging studies have unveiled the neural mechanisms that underlie moral decision-making, little attention has been paid to the temporal dynamics of how a decision-maker assesses utility weights differently for a moral or adaptive choice that will bring loss or gain to himself and others when the outcome will be realized in the near versus distant future. Twenty-two participants were given a set of moral dilemmas with time intervals that varied from the near future to the distant future.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Greene and L.

Either your web browser doesn't support Javascript or it is currently turned off. In the latter case, please turn on Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page. Neuroethics , 05 May , 11 3 : DOI: Free to read. Moral judgment has typically been characterized as a conflict between emotion and reason.

The role of emotion regulation in moral judgment.

Recent fMRI evidence has detected increased medial prefrontal activation during contemplation of personal moral dilemmas compared to impersonal ones, which suggests that this cortical region plays a role in personal moral judgment.

Selective deficit in personal moral judgment following damage to ventromedial prefrontal cortex

Is human morality a product of nature? Of nurture? There has been a long dispute in the social sciences about which is responsible. The debate has largely been unproductive.

The raw data supporting the conclusions of this article will be made available by the authors, without undue reservation. Moral judgment can be highly affected by the action and intention factors on a behavior level. Previous neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that the intention factor can modulate both the affective and cognitive processing of moral judgment.

Neurobiology of Human Values pp Cite as. We have also found that brain regions including the anterior dorsolateral prefrontal cortices predict inter-trial differences in moral judgment behavior, exhibiting greater activity for utilitarian judgments. I speculate that our emerging psychological and neuroscientific understanding of moral judgment may influence our responses to real-world moral dilemmas. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available.

Electrophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Time-Dependent Assessments in Moral Decision-Making

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Emotion and Cognition in Moral Judgment: Evidence from Neuroimaging
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