Excerpt And Lesson Pdf Tale Of Two Cities Compare France And England
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- A Tale of Two Cities Themes
- Class-10 Chapter-3 Part-II Two Stories About Flying Extra Questions and Notes
- A Tale of Two Cities Quotes
- A Tale of Two Cities
The year is , and life in England and France seems paradoxically the best and the worst that it can be. The rulers and ruling classes of both countries may have the best of life, but they are out of touch with the common people and believe that the status quo will continue forever. In France, inflation is out of control and an oppressive social system results in intolerable and extreme injustices being committed against average citizens, who believe they have the worst of life.
After they have read A Tale of Two Cities , have students select two characters in the novel to analyze and compare. Late , Cities , A tale of two cities. Link to this page:.
A Tale of Two Cities Themes
You can download the Prologue of the book as a PDF file, or read below:. A killing frost struck England in the middle of May , stunting the plum trees and the berry crops. Stranger still was a persistent drought. Three inches only, please. Wildflowers took root in bombed-out lots from Birmingham to Plymouth—sow-whistle, Oxford ragwort, and rosebay willow herb, a tall flower with purple petals that seemed partial to catastrophe.
Less bucolic were the millions of rats swarming through three thousand miles of London sewers; exterminators scattered sixty tons of sausage poisoned with zinc phosphate, and stale bread dipped in barium carbonate. Privation lay on the land like another odor. British men could buy a new shirt every twenty months. Housewives twisted pipe cleaners into hair clips. Iron railings and grillwork had long been scrapped for the war effort; even cemeteries stood unfenced.
Few shoppers could find a fountain pen or a wedding ring, or bedsheets, vegetable peelers, shoelaces. The monthly cheese allowance now stood at two ounces per citizen. Luftwaffe spotter planes illuminated their targets with clusters of parachute flares, bathing buildings and low clouds in rusty light before the bombs fell. Even the Wimbledon tennis club had been assaulted in a recent raid that pitted center court; a groundskeeper patched the shredded nets with string.
Even during these short summer nights, the mandatory blackout, which in London in mid-May lasted from p. Or so it was said. Yet nothing brightened the drab wartime landscape more than the brilliant uniforms now seen in every pub and on every street corner, the exotic military plumage of Norwegians and Indians, Belgians and Czechs, Yorkshiremen and Welshmen and more Yanks than lived in all of Nebraska. One observer in London described the panoply:.
French sailors with their red pompoms and striped shirts, Dutch police in black uniforms and grey-silver braid, the dragoon-like mortar boards of Polish officers, the smart grey of nursing units from Canada, the cerise berets and sky-blue trimmings of the new parachute regiments. Savile Row tailors offered specialists for every article of a bespoke uniform, from tunic to trousers, and the well-heeled officer could still buy an English military raincoat at Burberry or a silver pocket flask at Dunhill.
Even soldiers recently arrived from the Mediterranean theater added a poignant splash of color, thanks to the antimalaria pills that turned their skin a pumpkin hue. Nowhere were the uniforms more impressive on Monday morning, May 15, than along Hammersmith Road in west London.
Admirals, generals, field marshals, logisticians, and staff wizards by the score climbed from their limousines and marched into a Gothic building of red brick and terra-cotta, where American military policemen—known as Snowdrops for their white helmets, pistol belts, leggings, and gloves—scrutinized the engraved invitations and security passes distributed a month earlier.
The students of St. Top secret charts and maps now lined the Model Room. Since January, the school had served as headquarters for the British 21st Army Group, and here the detailed planning for Operation overlord, the Allied invasion of France, had gelled. As more senior officers found their benches in rows B through J, some spread blankets across their laps or cinched their greatcoats against the chill.
Row A, fourteen armchairs arranged elbow to elbow, was reserved for the highest of the mighty, and now these men began to take their seats.
The prime minister, Winston Churchill, dressed in a black frock coat and wielding his usual Havana cigar, entered with the supreme Allied commander, General Dwight D. Churchill bowed to his monarch, then resumed puffing his cigar. As they waited to begin at the stroke of ten p. Joined by the British Eighth Army, which had pushed west from Egypt after a signal victory at El Alamein, together they battled German and Italian legions for five months before a quarter million Axis prisoners surrendered in mid-May The Anglo-Americans pounced on Sicily two months later, overrunning the island in six weeks before invading the Italian mainland in early September.
The Fascist regime of Benito Mussolini collapsed, and the new government in Rome renounced the Axis Pact of Steel to make common cause with the Allies. But a death struggle at Salerno, south of Naples, foreshadowed another awful winter campaign as Allied troops struggled up the Italian boot for two hundred miles in one sanguinary brawl after another with entrenched, recalcitrant Germans at places like San Pietro, Ortona, the Rapido River, Cassino, and Anzio.
Led by Eisenhower, many of the Mediterraneanites had left for England in mid-campaign to begin planning overlord, and they could only hope that the spring offensive—launched on May 11 and code-named diadem—would break the stalemate along the Gustav Line in central Italy and carry the long-suffering Allied ranks into Rome and beyond.
Elsewhere in this global conflagration, Allied ascendancy in gave confidence of eventual victory, although no one doubted that future battles would be even more horrific than those now finished. Command of the seas had been largely secured by Allied navies and air forces. A successful Japanese offensive in China had been offset by a failed thrust from Burma across the Indian border into southern Assam.
With most of the U. Germany had invaded the Soviet Union in with more than 3 million men, but by the beginning of , German casualties exceeded 3. The tide had turned, red in all senses, and Soviet campaigns to recapture the Crimea, the western Ukraine, and the territory between Leningrad and Estonia chewed up German strength. Nearly two-thirds of German combat strength remained tied up in the east, although the Wehrmacht still mustered almost two thousand tanks and other armored vehicles in northwestern Europe.
Yet the Reich was ever more vulnerable to air assault: Allied planes flying from Britain in May would drop seventy thousand tons of high explosives on Axis targets, more than four times the monthly tonnage of a year earlier. Though they paid a staggering cost in airplanes and aircrews, the Royal Air Force and U. Army Air Forces had won mastery of the European skies. At last, after wresting air and naval superiority from the Germans, the Allies could make a plausible case for a successful invasion of the Continent by the ground forces currently gathering in England.
Perseverance had brought them to this brink: a chance to close with the enemy and destroy him in his European citadel, four years after Germany overran France and the Low Countries. Now, as the great hour approached, the arena would shift north, and the British and Americans would monger iron together. Cometh the hour, cometh the man: at ten p. Behind him in the cockpit of the Model Room lay an immense plaster relief map of the Normandy coast where the river Seine spilled into the Atlantic.
A brigadier wearing skid-proof socks and armed with a pointer stood at port arms, ready to indicate locales soon to achieve household notoriety: Cherbourg, St. A week earlier he had chosen June 5 as D-Day.
We are here to get the best possible results. A wiry, elfin figure in immaculate battle dress and padded shoes popped to his feet, pointer in hand.
But before General Bernard L. Montgomery could utter a syllable, a sharp rap sounded. Patton, Jr. Never reluctant to stage an entrance, Patton had swept through London in a huge black Packard, bedizened with three-star insignia and sporting dual Greyhound bus horns.
With a curt swish of his pointer, Montgomery stepped to the great floor map. He had just returned from a hiking and fishing holiday in the Highlands, sleeping each night on his personal train, the Rapier, then angling for salmon in the Spey without catching a single fish. Glancing at his notes—twenty brief items, written in his tidy cursive on unlined stationery—Montgomery began in his reedy voice, each syllable as sharply creased as his trousers. We must blast our way on shore and get a good lodgement before the enemy can bring sufficient reserves to turn us out.
Armored columns must penetrate deep inland, and quickly, on D-Day. This will upset the enemy plans and tend to hold him off while we build up strength. We must gain space rapidly, and peg out claims well inland.
The Bay of the Seine, which lay within range of almost two hundred fighter airfields in England, had been designated as the invasion site more than a year earlier for both its flat, sandy beaches and its proximity to Cherbourg, a critical port needed to supply the invading hordes.
Planners under the capable British lieutenant general Frederick E. Morgan scrutinized other possible landing sites from Brittany to Holland and found them wanting. As proof, commandos brought back Norman sand samples in buckets, test tubes, and Durex condoms. Upon returning from Italy five months earlier, Montgomery had widened the overlord assault zone from the twenty-five miles proposed in an earlier plan to fifty miles.
Instead of three seaborne divisions, five would lead the assault—two American divisions in the west, two British and one Canadian in the east—preceded seven hours earlier by three airborne divisions to secure the beachhead flanks and help the mechanized forces thrust inland. Assembling that larger fleet had in turn meant postponing the Normandy invasion from May until early June, and delaying indefinitely an invasion of southern France originally scheduled to occur at the same moment.
As he unfolded his plan, Montgomery meandered across the plaster beaches and the tiny Norman villages, head bowed, eyes darting, hands clasped behind his back except when he pinched his left cheek in a characteristic gesture of contemplation, or when he stressed a particular point with a flat stroke of his palm. Often he repeated himself for emphasis, voice rising in the second iteration. Only Churchill interrupted with mutterings about too many vehicles in the invasion brigades at the expense of too few cutthroat foot soldiers.
And was it true, he subsequently demanded, that the great force would include two thousand clerks to keep records? Montgomery pressed ahead. German divisions in western Europe had nearly doubled since October, from thirty-seven to almost sixty, one reason that Montgomery had insisted on a heftier invasion force. He continued:. Last February, Rommel took command from Holland to the Loire. It is now clear that his intention is to deny any penetration. Rommel is an energetic and determined commander.
He has made a world of difference since he took over. He is best at the spoiling attack; his forte is disruption.
Montgomery disagreed, and he ticked off the expected enemy counterpunch. Montgomery envisioned a battle beyond the beaches in which the British and Canadian Second Army on the left grappled with the main force of German defenders, while the American First Army on the right invested Cherbourg.
Paris likely would be liberated in mid-fall, giving the Allies a lodgement between the Seine and the river Loire to stage for the fateful drive on Germany. Precisely how that titanic final battle would unfold was difficult to predict even for the clairvoyants at SHAEF. But that lay in the distant future; the immediate task required reaching the far shore.
If overlord failed, the entire Allied enterprise faced abject collapse. Army history would describe it. Known to Ptolemy as Oceanus Britannicus and to sixteenth-century Dutch cartographers as the Engelse Kanaal, this watery sleeve—only twenty-one miles wide at its narrowest—had first been crossed by balloon in , by passenger paddle steamer in , and by swimmer in Yet for nearly a thousand years invading armies facing a hostile shore across the English Channel had found more grief than glory.
The study was shelved. Montgomery closed with his twentieth and final point, eyes aglint. If we send them in to battle this way, then we shall succeed. None departed. In quick succession other senior commanders laid out the naval plan for the invasion; the air plans in both the battle zone and across the Reich; the logistics plan; and the civil affairs scheme for governing Normandy.
Class-10 Chapter-3 Part-II Two Stories About Flying Extra Questions and Notes
Read a Plot Overview of the entire book or a chapter by chapter Summary and Analysis. Here's where you'll find analysis about the book as a whole, from the major themes and ideas to analysis of style, tone, point of view, and more. Find the quotes you need to support your essay, or refresh your memory of the book by reading these key quotes. Test your knowledge of A Tale of Two Cities with our quizzes and study questions, or go further with essays on context, background, and movie adaptations, plus links to the best resources around the web. Get ready to write your paper on A Tale of Two Cities with our suggested essay topics, sample essays, and more. Teachers, check out our ideas for how you can creatively incorporate SparkNotes materials into your classroom instruction. Ace your assignments with our guide to A Tale of Two Cities!
You can download the Prologue of the book as a PDF file, or read below:. A killing frost struck England in the middle of May , stunting the plum trees and the berry crops. Stranger still was a persistent drought. Three inches only, please. Wildflowers took root in bombed-out lots from Birmingham to Plymouth—sow-whistle, Oxford ragwort, and rosebay willow herb, a tall flower with purple petals that seemed partial to catastrophe. Less bucolic were the millions of rats swarming through three thousand miles of London sewers; exterminators scattered sixty tons of sausage poisoned with zinc phosphate, and stale bread dipped in barium carbonate. Privation lay on the land like another odor.
A Tale of Two Cities Quotes
Themes are overarching ideas and beliefs that the writers use to convey them to their readers. Some of the major themes of A Tale of Two Cities have been discussed below. The theme of resurrection and change is one of the major themes that seem to emerge on both social and personal level. He also saves his name with his heroic act of going to the gallows to save Darnay.
The story is set in the late 18th century against the background of the French Revolution. The scenes of large-scale mob violence are especially vivid, if superficial in historical understanding. While political events drive the story, Dickens takes a decidedly antipolitical tone, lambasting both aristocratic tyranny and revolutionary excess—the latter memorably caricatured in Madame Defarge , who knits beside the guillotine.
A Tale of Two Cities.
A Tale of Two Cities
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Feb 25, - This activity provides an excerpt from A Tale of Two Cities for Main Idea Lessons The History of TV - English ESL Worksheets for distance learning and physical classrooms English Grammar English Worksheets Pdf.
Она заставляла себя не думать о. Ей нужно было сосредоточиться на неотложных вещах, требующих срочного решения. - Я возьму на себя лабораторию систем безопасности, - сказал Стратмор. - Всю статистику по работе ТРАНСТЕКСТА, все данные о мутациях. Ты займешься Третьим узлом.
В Штатах. - А связаться с ними пробовала. - Пустой номер.
И улыбнулся, едва сохраняя спокойствие. - Ты сочтешь это сумасшествием, - сказал Беккер, - но мне кажется, что у тебя есть кое-что, что мне очень. - Да? - Меган внезапно насторожилась. Беккер достал из кармана бумажник. - Конечно, я буду счастлив тебе заплатить.
Его слова не сразу дошли до ее сознания.
Это культовая фигура, икона в мире хакеров. Если Танкадо говорит, что алгоритм не поддается взлому, значит, так оно и. - Но ведь для обычных пользователей они все не поддаются взлому. - Верно… - Стратмор задумался. - На какое-то время.
Стратмор попытался убедить Танкадо, что ТРАНСТЕКСТ - это орудие охраны правопорядка, но безуспешно: Танкадо продолжал настаивать на том, что это грубейшее нарушение гражданских прав. Он немедленно уволился и сразу же нарушил Кодекс секретности АНБ, попытавшись вступить в контакт с Фондом электронных границ. Танкадо решил потрясти мир рассказом о секретной машине, способной установить тотальный правительственный контроль над пользователями компьютеров по всему миру. У АН Б не было иного выбора, кроме как остановить его любой ценой.
То, что она увидела пониже его живота, оказалось совсем крошечным. Немец схватил ее и нетерпеливо стянул с нее рубашку. Его толстые пальцы принялись методично, сантиметр за сантиметром, ощупывать ее тело. Росио упала на него сверху и начала стонать и извиваться в поддельном экстазе.
Но коммандер поймал ее взгляд и нахмурился.