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- Post-Behaviouralism: Causes and Characteristics of Post Behaviouralism
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Post-Behaviouralism: Causes and Characteristics of Post Behaviouralism
Post-Behaviouralism: Introduction: Behaviouralism dominated in the study of political Science for a decade. However, the behviouralists drifted away from the path they had chosen for themselves. They got absorbed in finding out new techniques and methods for its study. In the process they lost the real subject matter. They got divided into two groups — the Theoretical behaviouralists and the positive behviouralists.
Behaviouralism or behavioralism is an approach in political science that emerged in the s in the United States. It represented a sharp break from previous approaches in emphasizing an objective, quantified approach to explain and predict political behaviour. Behaviouralists seek to examine the behaviour, actions, and acts of individuals — rather than the characteristics of institutions such as legislatures, executives, and judiciaries — and groups in different social settings and explain this behavior as it relates to the political system. From through the s, behaviouralism gained support. It was probably Dwight Waldo who coined the term for the first time in a book called "Political Science in the United States" which was released in It was the site of discussion between traditionalist and new emerging approaches to political science.
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Post-behavioralism or post-behaviouralism also known as neo-behavioralism or neo-behaviouralism was a reaction against the dominance of behavioralist methods in the study of politics. One of the key figures in post-behaviouralist thinking was David Easton who was originally one of the leading advocates of the "behavioral revolution". Heinz Eulau described post-behavioralism as a "near hysterical response to political frustrations engendered by the disconcerting and shocking events of the late sixties and early seventies". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Shafritz Dictionary of public policy and administration , Oxford: Westview Press, p. Long ed.
Failure of behaviouralism to look to the practical problems of the world :. While behaviouralism was a movement against traditionalism, the post- behaviouralism was also a movement against behaviouralism itself but instead of condemning either of the two methods of thought, it was a synthesis between the two contending schools of thought. Behaviouralism was not a new discipline; rather it was just a new technique, a new approach, with a new focus in view for the study of political science. The traditional approaches such as philosophical, historical and institutional did not worry about human behaviour or group-behaviour and neglected the scientific analysis of the human problems. Therefore the people, first of all welcomed found that it failed to solve any problem of the world such as threat of nuclear war, hunger, poverty, disease etc.