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1a INTRO TO SITE PLANNING AND LA.pdf
This is our updated Oct , revised site analysis guide for architecture. You can download this as a handy pdf by clicking the link below. Click here to download! Prior to starting any design, your client will want to know whether construction on the site is viable.
Carrying out an extensive site analysis [or context analysis] will assess wether development is financially feasible, and establish parameters to implement the best design that responds to the physical and environmental features of the site.
A contextual analysis is a research activity that looks at the existing conditions of a project site, along with any imminent or potential future conditions. The purpose is to inform us about a site prior to the start of our design process so that our initial design thinking about a site can incorporate considered responses to the external conditions. An architectural site analysis will look at issues such as site location, size, topography, zoning, traffic conditions and climate.
The analysis also needs to consider any future developments, or changes to the sites surroundings, such as a change of roads designations, changing cultural patterns, or other significant building developments within the area. Understanding the context of a site is key to enabling the designer to weave the new design in with the existing fabric of the site. It allows us to understand the existing opportunities, or problems in a site, and make informed decisions on how to respond to our findings.
This response could be that the designed building reflects the surrounding context and is designed to be in sympathy, or perhaps to turn away or eliminate certain unwanted site conditions. It is important when carrying out a site analysis, that we endeavour to research as much as possible and collect all available data that relates to the site and our design.
A poorly executed site analysis can lead to a sub standard design due to the designer not having all available information to respond to and develop solutions for. You can never know too much about the site.
To help with collecting information, I have made a checklist that is a starting point for analysing the site and gathering data. The checklist is not exhaustive, which means you can add to the checklist every time you come across new issue or factor relating to a site. Soft data looks at site conditions that can be changed. Hard data looks at more concrete elements such as site boundaries, site areas, utility locations, contours, dimensions, site features, climate, legal information.
Early site investigations should look at hard data. From this, we are able to establish which elements we consider to have a negative impact on the site or proposed design and which conditions have a more positive influence. This allows us to create a hierarchy and gives a more systematic approach to understanding our data and developing the design. The general categories of data we will be looking at as we carry out our architectural site analysis are:.
Before you visit the site, there is a lot of information you can gain from a desktop study. By carrying out thorough research prior to your visit to site, you will arrive well informed, and possibly have identified specific things that you want to check or look out for on your site visit.
Prior to your site visit it may be necessary to obtain an OS map of the site. From this, and from client information you can clarify the location of site boundaries. Some information is not freely available, but a client or their legal representative should be able to clarify any issues regarding rights of way, rights of light, legal easements and any rights of tenants.
There are many more things to look at, and each site is very different, but hopefully this will give you a starting point for getting the best out of your site visit. In the next section we will look at visiting the site, and some of the items on the checklist according to the categories that you should look out for. Depending on the project you will want to consider taking the following items with you when you go to look at a potential site, or proposed site for your design project.
It is likely you will require PPE personal protection equipment so make sure you have all the necessary items before heading to site. Take some time to walk around the site as much as possible. Take note of the general topography of the site, and any significant changes in level. Also note any indications of what is underneath the surface, for example, any marsh grasses could suggest that there is a high water table, if the soil is sticky it could indicate the subsoil on the site is clay.
If there is any rubble on the site, it could suggest there has been previous development, or possibly landfill on the land. The best way to present much of the data you have collected is through diagrams. So a single diagram demonstrating many of the site conditions will be a larger drawing than numerous individual diagrams demonstrating one site factor.
It is also important that the hierarchy of the drawing is clear — using your pen thicknesses to demonstrate the different aspects. You can represent data from your site visit in plans, elevations and sections, isometrics or perspectives.
Be sure to choose the best option for the date you are trying to explain. We want to make sure the diagram is simple, and clear, with the data we are presenting graphically bolder than the referent information. You want the emphasis to be on the information you are communicating, for example a path through the site, or the position of trees on the site.
If you choose to create a series of drawings, ensure that the site drawing is always the same orientation, and preferably scale, so that the reader can easily understand the drawings. As well as considering all the points below you also have to integrate the requirements of the brief. You are slowly putting together the pieces of the puzzle in order to come up with a great design. Your diagrams and data collection will be starting to build a picture of the site, helping you to evaluate what you have found and begin to consider solutions.
When looking at your site and considering your design think about the following:. During your evaluation of the site, it may be useful to create a model of a particular aspect, or even the site itself.
A model may demonstrate something better than a drawing or photograph, particularly three dimensional situations. Land contours, are often demonstrated using a simple site model. This base model could then be used as part of your concept development. For example, we create a set of planning drawings, or we add colour to an elevation in photoshop, we produce an A1 presentation board.
I am always working to make the website, templates and products more useful to my readers. I am very thankful for this information. It gives me a lot of knowledge for making my design better. So much. Your email address will not be published. Notify me of new posts by email. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. I have curated a list of some of the tools and resources I would strongly recommend for anyone studying or working in Architecture.
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It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Architecture Site Analysis Guide.
Architecture Site Analysis This is our updated Oct , revised site analysis guide for architecture. Why do you carry out an architectural site analysis?
Making sure the analysis is thorough It is important when carrying out a site analysis, that we endeavour to research as much as possible and collect all available data that relates to the site and our design.
What kind of information are we collecting? Our analysis data can be split into two main categories. Hard data and soft data. The general categories of data we will be looking at as we carry out our architectural site analysis are: Location — where the site is situated Neighbourhood context — the immediate surrounding of the site including data on zoning and buildings and other impacts on our project. Zoning and size — dimensional considerations such as boundaries, easements, height restrictions, site area, access along with any further plans.
Legal information — ownership, restrictions or covenants, council related information, future urban development plans. Natural physical features — actual features of the site such as trees, rocks, topography, rivers, ponds, drainage patterns. Man made features — existing buildings, walls, surrounding vernacular, setbacks, materials, landscaping, scale.
Circulation — Vehicle and pedestrian movements in, through and around the site. Consider the timing of these movements, and duration of heavier patterns. Future traffic and road developments should also be considered. Utilities — Any electricity, gas, water, sewer and telephone services that are situated in or near the site, along with distances, depths and materials.
Climate — all climatic information such as rainfall, snowfall, wind directions, temperatures, sun path, all considered during the different times of the year. Sensory — this addresses the visual, audible and tactile aspects of the site, such as views, noise, and so on.
These again should be considered in time frames and a positive or negative factor can be attributed to the condition. Human and cultural — the cultural, psychological, behavioural and sociological aspects of the surrounding neighbourhood. Activities and patterns, density, population ethnic patterns, employment, income, values and so on.
Things to look into before you go to site: Location: Geological maps to discover predominant type of soil or rock on the site. Rights of way, rights of access, Town and Country Planning restrictions, is the site in a green belt? History of the site — anything you can use to inform your design. Any tunnels, disused mines, archaeological interests under the site could curtail development.
If the site sits in a conservation area or close to listed buildings you may need to go into more detail regarding cultural significance, historic significance, etc. Developmental controls — is the site subject to any specific planning controls, building control or health and safety?
Determine whether water, electricity, gas, telephone, sewerage and other services are connected to the land. My list would go something like this based on the categories we established earlier:. Location Site location details road names, address, major landmarks etc. Are there activities in the neighbourhood that may create strong vehicle or pedestrian traffic? Vernacular context, materials, architectural features, fenestration, landscaping, parking, building heights.
Architecture Site Analysis Guide
Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor areas, landmarks, and structures to achieve environmental, social-behavioural, or aesthetic outcomes. The scope of the profession is broad and can be subdivided into several sub-categories including professional or licensed landscape architects who are regulated by governmental agencies and possess the expertise to design a wide range of structures and landforms for human use; landscape design which is not a licensed profession; site planning ; stormwater management ; erosion control; environmental restoration ; parks , recreation and urban planning ; visual resource management; green infrastructure planning and provision; and private estate and residence landscape master planning and design; all at varying scales of design, planning and management. A practitioner in the profession of landscape architecture may be called a landscape architect , however in jurisdictions where professional licenses are required it is often only those who possess a landscape architect license who can be called a landscape architect. Landscape architecture is a multi-disciplinary field, incorporating aspects of urban design , architecture , geography , ecology , civil engineering , structural engineering , horticulture , environmental psychology , industrial design , soil sciences , botany , and fine arts. The activities of a landscape architect can range from the creation of public parks and parkways to site planning for campuses and corporate office parks; from the design of residential estates to the design of civil infrastructure ; and from the management of large wilderness areas to reclamation of degraded landscapes such as mines or landfills. Landscape architects work on structures and external spaces in the landscape aspect of the design — large or small, urban , suburban and rural , and with "hard" built and "soft" planted materials, while integrating ecological sustainability.
RSLA provides a full range of. Landscape Architecture and. Site Planning services for these types of projects: • Civic: Libraries, churches, museums, plazas. •.
This is our updated Oct , revised site analysis guide for architecture. You can download this as a handy pdf by clicking the link below. Click here to download! Prior to starting any design, your client will want to know whether construction on the site is viable. Carrying out an extensive site analysis [or context analysis] will assess wether development is financially feasible, and establish parameters to implement the best design that responds to the physical and environmental features of the site.
Green roof biodiversity in design: Influence of local and contextual attributes on bird usage , Henry Narigon. Local food access in inner cities: Integrated research through: comparison study, literature review, case studies and design implementation , Courtney Allison Long. Investigating community impacts of a university outreach program through the lens of service-learning and community engagement , Mary Susan Erickson. A unique approach to allow low-income families the opportunity to gain home ownership access through alternative financing , Wilbert Abbott, Jr.
The artistic and functional arrangement of buildings, open spaces, service areas, circulation and other external areas; techniques in the enhancement and design of exterior environments. Humans have a significant impact on the world environment. Relationship of people, per capita rate of consumption, and the economic efficiency of consumption. Definition of Terms: Population total of individuals occupying an area or making up a whole Affluence abundant of flow or supply or property.