File Name: definition of art and design .zip
Publisher: University of North Georgia Press.
- The Definition of Art
- Introduction to Art: Design, Context, and Meaning
- About Art - What Do We Really Mean
Elements of art are stylistic features that are included within an art piece to help the artist communicate. Lines are marks moving in a space between two points whereby a viewer can visualize the stroke movement, direction, and intention based on how the line is oriented. A shape is a two-dimensional design encased by lines to signify its height and width structure, and can have different values of color used within it to make it appear three-dimensional. Form is a three-dimensional object with volume of height, width and depth.
The Definition of Art
Not realistic, though the intention is often based on an actual subject, place, or feeling. Pure abstraction can be interpreted as any art in which the depiction of real objects has been entirely discarded and whose aesthetic content is expressed in a formal pattern or structure of shapes, lines and colors.
When the representation of real objects is completely absent, such art may be called non-objective. This type of painting is often referred to as action painting. Emphasis given to certain elements in a painting which makes them attract more attention. Details that define an object or piece of art. A rapid drying paint which is easy to remove with mineral spirits; a plastic substance commonly used as a binder for paints. Any painting style calling for vigorous physical activity; specifically, Abstract Expressionism.
Pertaining to the beautiful, as opposed to the useful, scientific, or emotional. An aesthetic response is an appreciation of such beauty. Synthetic resin used in paints and mediums.
As a medium works as a binder that encapsulates the pigment and speeds the drying time. Technique in which the final surface of a painting is completed in one sitting, without under painting. Italian for "at the first". Colors that are closely related, or near each other on the color spectrum. Especially those in which we can see common hues. A print produced by the same technique as an etching, except that the areas between the etched lines are covered with a powdered resin that protects the surface from the biting process of the acid bath.
The granular appearance that results in the print aims at approximating the effects and gray tonalities of a watercolor drawing. Refers to materials that meet certain criteria for permanence such as lignin-free, pH neutral, alkaline-buffered, stable in light, etc. A rigid framework, often wood or steel, used to support a sculpture or other large work while it is being made.
An art style of the s and s based on modern materials steel, chrome, glass. A style characterized by repetitive, geometric patterns of curves and lines. An art style of the late 's featuring curving, often swirling shapes based on organic forms. An Artist's Proof is one outside the regular edition.
A device for suggesting three - dimensional depth on a two-dimensional surface. Forms meant to be perceived as distant from the viewer are blurred, indistinct, misty and often bluer. A group active in the invention and application of new ideas and techniques in an original or experimental way. Some avant-garde works are intended to shock those who are accustomed to traditional, established styles.
A theatrical style usually associated with European art and architecture ca. Sculpture in which figures project only slightly from a background, as on a coin. Also known as low relief sculpture. A design school founded by Walter Gropius in in Germany.
The Bauhaus attempted to achieve reconciliation between the aesthetics of design and the more commercial demands of industrial mass production. Artists include Klee, Kandinsky, and Feininger. A school of fine arts located in Paris, which stressed the necessity of academic painting.
A substance in paints that causes particles of pigment to adhere to one another and to a. An alloy of copper and tin, sometimes containing small proportions of other elements such as zinc or phosphorus. It is stronger, harder, and more durable than brass, and has been used most extensively since antiquity for cast sculpture. Bronze alloys vary in color from a silvery hue to a rich, coppery red.
The characteristic way each artist brushes paint onto a support. The act of rubbing greenware clay with any smooth tool to polish it, and tighten the surface. In printing and drawing a free and rhythmic use of line to accentuate design. It is seen at its best in Japanese wood-block prints and Chinese scrolls.
Also, fine, stylized handwriting using quills, brushes or pens with ink. A preliminary drawing for any large work such as a mural or tapestry. The process of making a sculpture or other object by pouring liquid material such as clay, metal or plastic into a mold and allowing it to harden, thereby taking on the shape of the confining mold.
The art of making objects of clay and firing them in a kiln. Wares of earthenware and porcelain, as well as sculpture are made by ceramists. Enamel is also a ceramic technique. Ceramic materials may be decorated with slip, engobe, or glaze, applied by any number of techniques. Sculpture usually made by coil, slab, or other manual technique. The technique that was introduced during the Renaissance, is effective in creating an illusion of depth and space around the principal figures in a composition.
Leonardo Da Vinci and Rembrandt were painters who excelled in the use of this technique. In Greek art, the style of the 5th century B. A method of forming pottery or sculpture from rolls of clay that are smoothed together to form the sides of a jar or pot. A work of art made by pasting various materials such as bits of paper, cloth, etc.
A circular grid that represents the colors based on color theory. This grid clearly shows the relationships colors have with each other complimentary, opposite, etc. Hues directly opposite one another on the color wheel and therefore assumed to be as different from one another as possible.
When placed side by side, complementary colors are intensified; when mixed together, they produce a neutral or gray color.
The organization, design or placement of the individual elements in a work of art. The aim is to achieve balance and proportionality.
Usually applied to two-dimensional art. An art form in which the underlying idea or concept and the process by which it is achieved are more important than any tangible product. An art work that is actually assembled or built on the premises where it is to be shown. Many constructions are meant to be temporary and are disassembled after the exhibition is over. Initially it was a trade name for a brand of French crayons made from a unique compound of pigments with a chalk binder. Conte crayons are free from grease, making them acceptable for lithographic drawing.
Generally defined as art that has been produced since the second half of the twentieth century. The message conveyed by a work of art - its subject matter and whatever the artist hopes to convey by that subject matter. A line that creates a boundary separating an area of space or object from the space around it.
The result is often a graceful S-curve. Those that suggest a sense of coolness. Blue , Green , Violet. Aptitude, skill, and manual dexterity in the use of tools and materials.
An area of closely spaced lines intersecting one another, used to create a sense of three-dimensionality on a flat surface, especially in drawing and printmaking. See also hatching, stippling. A style of art pioneered in the early 20th century by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. In the most developed form of Cubism, forms are fragmented into planes or geometric facets, like the facets in a diamond; these planes are rearranged to foster a pictorial, but not naturalistic, reality; forms may be viewed simultaneously from several vantage points; figure and background have equal importance; and the colors are deliberately restricted to a range of neutrals.
Stressing the use of curved lines as opposed to rectilinear which stresses straight lines. A movement that emerged during World War I in Europe that purported to be anti-everything, even anti-art. Dada poked fun at all the established traditions and tastes in art with works that were deliberately shocking, vulgar, and nonsensical.
The act of cutting out paper designs and applying them to a surface to make an all over collage. The planned organization of lines, shapes, masses, colors, textures, and space in a work of art. In two-dimensional art, often called composition. Any change made by an artist in the size, position, or general character of forms based on visual perception, when those forms are organized into a pictorial image.
Any personal or subjective interpretation of natural forms must necessarily involve a degree of distortion. The principle of visual organization which suggests that certain elements should assume more importance than others in the same composition. It contributes to the organic unity by emphasizing the fact that there is one main feature and that other elements are subordinate to it.
An intaglio printmaking technique, similar to engraving, in which a sharp needle is used to draw on a metal plate, raising a thin ridge of metal that creates a soft line when the plate is printed.
Also, the resultant print. Ceramic ware, usually coarse and reddish in color, fired in the lowest temperature ranges. Used for domestic ware, glazed or unglazed. Literally, to burn in. A painting technique in which the pigment is mixed with melted wax and resin and then applied to a surface while hot.
Printmaking method in which a sharp tool burin is used to scratch lines into a hard surface such as metal or wood. Art that is large enough for viewers to enter and move about in. The technique of reproducing a design by coating a metal plate with wax and drawing with a sharp instrument called a stylus through the wax down to the metal.
The plate is put in an acid bath, which eats away the incised lines; it is then heated to dissolve the wax and finally inked and printed on paper.
Introduction to Art: Design, Context, and Meaning
Whole books are written about each of these art terms, filled with definitions, histories, insights, tips, and examples - these pages are just the tip of the iceberg. Each entry leads to its own page with some more information and examples, which should grow over time - feel free to make suggestions. Clicking on any of the example images will lead to more information about the artist or work. A continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point; it may be flat pencil line or three-dimensional a rod, groove, ridge, etc. Line may be explicit - a line painted along the edge of the road - or implied by the edge of a shape or form. Lines are used to outline diagrammatic or contour lines , create shading and show form structural lines, hatching and cross-hatching , decorate, express emotion, and direct the viewer's eye.
Elements of Art. The elements of art are components or parts of a work of art that can be isolated and defined. They are the building blocks used to create a work of art. The list below describes each element of art. Learn about the principles of design here. Download a student handout containing a list of the elements of art and their definitions. PDF, KB.
justice, that the answer to these questions depends on the manner in which art and design are defined, and therefore they were unable to answer my questions.
About Art - What Do We Really Mean
Find out about ice sculpture - melting art! It seeks to provide answers to questions such as: What is art? What is the value of painting or sculpture? How to assess a work of art?
Introduction to Art: Design, Context, and Meaning offers a comprehensive introduction to the world of Art. Authored by four USG faculty members with advance degrees in the arts, this textbook offers up-to-date original scholarship. It includes over high-quality images illustrating the history of art, its technical applications, and its many uses.
Кадр казался неестественно вытянутым по вертикали и неустойчивым, как бывает при дрожащем объективе, - это было результатом удаления кадров, процесса, сокращающего видеозапись вдвое и экономящего время. Объектив, скользнув по огромной площади, показал полукруглый вход в севильский парк Аюнтамьенто. На переднем плане возникли деревья.
Технология развивается в геометрической профессии, и рано или поздно алгоритмы, которыми пользуется общество, перестанут быть надежными. Понадобятся лучшие алгоритмы, чтобы противостоять компьютерам завтрашнего дня. - Такова Цифровая крепость.
Шифр в миллион бит едва ли можно было назвать реалистичным сценарием. - Ладно, - процедил Стратмор. - Итак, даже в самых экстремальных условиях самый длинный шифр продержался в ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ около трех часов.
Он приближался к двери. - Черт его дери! - почти беззвучно выругалась Сьюзан, оценивая расстояние до своего места и понимая, что не успеет до него добежать. Хейл был уже слишком близко. Она метнулась к буфету в тот момент, когда дверь со звуковым сигналом открылась, и, остановившись у холодильника, рванула на себя дверцу.
Не может быть! - сказала она по-испански. У Беккера застрял комок в горле. Росио была куда смелее своего клиента. - Не может быть? - повторил он, сохраняя ледяной тон. - Может, пройдем, чтобы я смог вам это доказать.
АНБ, - пошутил приятель, - означает Агентство, которого Никогда не Было. Со смешанным чувством тревоги и любопытства Беккер принял приглашение загадочного агентства. Он проехал тридцать семь миль до их штаб-квартиры, раскинувшейся на участке площадью тридцать шесть акров среди лесистых холмов Форт-Мида в штате Мэриленд. После бесчисленных проверок на контрольно-пропускных пунктах он получил шестичасовой гостевой пропуск с голографическим текстом и был препровожден в роскошное помещение, где ему, как было сказано, предстояло вслепую оказать помощь Отделению криптографии - элитарной группе талантливых математиков, именуемых дешифровщиками.
Никому не показалось удивительным, что два дня спустя АНБ приняло Грега Хейла на работу. Стратмор решил, что лучше взять его к себе и заставить трудиться на благо АНБ, чем позволить противодействовать агентству извне. Стратмор мужественно перенес разразившийся скандал, горячо защищая свои действия перед конгрессом.