surveying terms and definitions pdf

Surveying Terms And Definitions Pdf

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Glossary-Dictionary of terms related to professional surveying, geomatics. These terms are defined in accordance with their meaning and usage within the surveying profession. Many of these terms are defined using slang or historical definitions. In old law, the ends were said to abut, the sides to adjoin. An acre equals 10 square chains or 43, square feet.

Glossary of Terms and Definitions

Glossary-Dictionary of terms related to professional surveying, geomatics. These terms are defined in accordance with their meaning and usage within the surveying profession. Many of these terms are defined using slang or historical definitions. In old law, the ends were said to abut, the sides to adjoin. An acre equals 10 square chains or 43, square feet. It provides a method to compensate for random errors which occur in all measurements.

The effect on the location is subject to judicial review. Evidence aliunde is evidence from outside or from another source. Usually confirmed by a water court decree. No Washington Office acceptance is required as in the case of public land subdivisional surveys.

Appurtenant easements run with the land and are a part of a conveyance of land, whether mentioned in the conveyance or not.

They provide the actual positions and features of the project. Within GPS satellites the elements used include cesium, hydrogen and rubidium. A line is run connecting the monument to a regular corner on the section boundary. It can also be a reference line for coordinates.

I f you need specific advice for example, legal, financial, or survey please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Please do not download this dictionary. It is the property of Elliott Surveying. Also referred to as the year flood.

The base flood is used by the NFIP as the basis for mapping, insurance rating, and regulating new construction.

BASE LINE — PLSS - A line which is extended east and west on a parallel of latitude from an initial point, and from which are initiated other lines for the Cadastral Survey of the public lands within the area covered by the principal meridian that runs through the same initial point. The base station provides differential corrections to the GPS station that is mobile. Usually they reference an outside wall. In the case of trenching it is the board set across the trench to carry the grade line.

Bearings are classified according to the meridian of reference, such as; astronomic, geodetic, magnetic, grid, assumed, GPS. Also, used commonly in private surveys and construction surveys. Its distance and direction are recorded from the corner. Under the New Mexico constitution beneficial use is the basis, the measure and the limit of the right to use water; therefore, beneficial use of public water diverted or impounded by manmade works is an essential element in the development of a water right.

They have many sources. Statistical modeling is one method used to eliminate or limit the effect of bias. Without deceit or fraud. Actual and genuine. Rights acquired in good faith under the law. The parcels of land may be of the same or of different ownership, but distinguished at some time in the history of their descent by separate legal descriptions. A boundary line between privately owned parcels of land is usually termed a property line. If a boundary is a line of the United States public land surveys, it is given a particular designation, such as section line or township line.

This survey shows the relationship between the parent parcel and the lease area, and depicts interior lease area details such as cable trays, buildings and the tower itself.

The chain is equivalent to 66 feet or 4 rods, poles or perches. The corresponding operation, in private surveys, is taping. Also called an Abney Level. It is closed hydrologically if neither surface nor underground outflow can occur. The closing corner is located by law at the actual point of intersection without regard to its monumented location.

A mortgage judgment or tax levy may in some cases constitute a cloud on title. The filing segregated the lands. A Cash Entry patent was issued, giving the surface and the minerals to the patentee.

Accompanying or acting as secondary evidence. It has the nature of a forced sale and the condemner has the position toward the owner of a buyer toward a seller.

Usually expressed as a precentage. The joining of two or more streams of water. To strive to win or hold; to controvert, litigate, challenge; to defend, as a suit or other proceeding. Among field surveyors a control line is a survey line that can be used to establish horizontal and or vertical coordinates.

Control is sometimes both horizontal and vertical. An instrument, such as a deed, by which interest in real property is created or by which title to real property is transferred from grantor to grantee.

The Tempes Atomique International TAI that was established in the 's is actually more stable than the earths rotation. Distances or angles from suitable references locate the points within the system. Such accessories are actually a part of the monumentation. Corner monument markings — letters, numerals, lines, grooves or notches used to mark corner monuments.

The markings usually indicate the location of the corner. The strata between or across which the lode is found. Specifically: a mine working driven horizontally and at right angles to an adit, drift or level.

Crossing closing corner monuments are usually not set at these intersections unless such corners are required to provide an interval of monumentation of at least one-half mile. In instances where they may be required for operational or litigation purposes they will be provided for in the Special Instructions. It is equivalent to 7. The state to which by common law a man is entitled, on the death of his wife, in the lands or tenements of which she is seised in possession in fee-simple or in tail during her coverture, provided they have had lawful issue born alive which might be capable of inheriting the estate.

It is a freehold estate for the term of his natural life. In construction the removal of soil to obtain a desired elevation or grade.

There is a different ambiguity for each frequency and satellite that a receiver is tracking. If lock is lost, causing a cycle slip, then there is a new ambiguity to be resolved. A cycle slip caused the ambiguity to change suddenly.

The plural form is datums. A decision orders the disposition of a case in a certain way, and contains a statement of the facts, laws and reasoning which require that disposition.

Astronomic declination on the celestial sphere corresponds with latitude on the earth. In those instances where a complicated metes and bounds description is the only description available, a deed may be used to transfer fee simple interest in public lands.

The unit of measurement for temperature. To make an objection. To present a demurrer. It then sets up the defense that the complaint is insufficient in law to sustain his claim or that there is some other defect constituting a legal reason why the opposing party should not be allowed to proceed further.

It includes the restoration of lost corners in accordance with procedures described in the Manual of Surveying Instructions. One GPS receiver is stationed on a know location, base, while other receivers are moved, roam.

The base station is used to find corrective factors that can be used in real time or post process to improve the unknown location of the moving receivers. A volcanic dike may vary from a few inches to hundreds of feet in horizontal thickness. Commonly called an azimuth or bearing. Also, the physical exposure of the mineral vein or lode or other mineral deposit on the ground. The rms is calculated from the data set by finding the root-mean-square.

Selective availability was turned off by the DOD in May of Usually used in reference to a natural phenomenon which occurs only once in a given day. Usually spoken of in reference to depriving or dispossessing one of property, title or authority.

A deed, agreement, title paper, letter or other written instrument used to prove a fact. To provide with factual or substantial support for statements made or a hypothesis proposed; especially, to equip with exact references too authoritative supporting information.

DOD - Department of Defense. It was begun in and finished in It is a description of the land, with the names of the owners, and the nature and extent of their holdings. It was, in effect, a survey. Also called residential water use. The water can be obtained from a public supply or be self-supplied.

The midway point between the marks is determined the true extension. DOUBLE CORNER — PLSS - Normally the two sets of corners along a standard parallel; the standard township, section, and quarter-section corners placed at regular intervals of measurement; additionally, the closing corners established on the line at the points of intersection of the guide meridians, range and section lines of the surveys brought in from the south.

In other cases, not fully in conformity with the rectangular plan, two corners, each common to two townships only, instead of one corner of the four townships.

Similarly, two corners, each common to two sections; and two quarter-section corners, each referring to one section only.

Glossary of mapping and surveying terms

It includes the determination of the measurement data, the reduction and interpretation of the data to usable form, and, conversely, the establishment of relative position and size according to given measurement requirements. Thus, surveying has two similar but opposite functions: 1 the determination of existing relative horizontal and vertical position, such as that used for the process of mapping , and 2 the establishment of marks to control construction or to indicate land boundaries. Surveying has been an essential element in the development of the human environment for so many centuries that its importance is often forgotten. It is an imperative requirement in the planning and execution of nearly every form of construction. Surveying was essential at the dawn of history, and some of the most significant scientific discoveries could never have been implemented were it not for the contribution of surveying. Its principal modern uses are in the fields of transportation , building , apportionment of land, and communications. Except for minor details of technique and the use of one or two minor hand-held instruments, surveying is much the same throughout the world.

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying, and Civil Engineering

Land which may be bought back or received by the Crown, Government instrumentalities or local governments for public purposes. Owners are recompensed at the land's current market or assessed value. Remote sensing methods that provide their own source of electromagnetic radiation for illumination, for example, radar. The Land Administration Act provides for the Minister to appoint an advisory panel to advise on any matter. The panel is expected to be used mostly to adjudicate between competing applicants for a lease or purchase of Crown land.

Take our survey to help us provide the best possible support to your small business during COVID and beyond. Home Running a business Support and assistance Mapping, data and imagery services Maps Glossary of mapping and surveying terms. Flood mapping QTopo - online topographic maps Mining and resources maps and spatial data Administrative maps Strategic cropping land maps Property boundary and sales data - SmartMaps Vegetation clearing maps Queensland planning system interactive maps Electricity generation map Wind, solar and energy infrastructure maps Museum of Lands, Mapping and Surveying Local free maps Glossary of mapping and surveying terms. Glossary of mapping and surveying terms Access way A thoroughfare created over all or part of the association property of a community, precinct or neighbourhood scheme and defined in an access way plan attached to the management statement.

Authenticated PDF Version. Requests to the Board may be directed to the same office or visit our web site at www. In the Chair's absence, the Board's Vice Chairman shall preside at meetings and perform the duties usually performed by the Chair. Definitions under Section 2.

Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, art, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional positions of points and the distances and angles between them. A land surveying professional is called a land surveyor. These points are usually on the surface of the Earth, and they are often used to establish maps and boundaries for ownership , locations, such as the designed positions of structural components for construction or the surface location of subsurface features, or other purposes required by government or civil law, such as property sales.

Building Surveying – Glossary of Terms

Do you want to receive email updates from Kempton Carr Croft, including newsletters, business news, promotions and events? Yes, please keep me updated No, thank-you. Covid updates Contact us Find our offices Find a property. Building Surveying — Glossary of Terms.

Follow Survipod. Member Raffle FAQ. A Land Status Records — Acre s. ABC — Airborne Control. AK — Alaska.

The NCS also provides benefits incidence data on the percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer provided benefit plans. The survey covers a broad range of benefits including holidays and vacations, sick leave, health and life insurance, and retirement plans. Details of employer-provided health and retirement plan provisions are also provided. Paid sick leave was available to 75 percent of private industry workers. Among industries, access to paid sick leave ranged from 52 percent of workers in leisure and hospitality to 93 percent of workers in financial activities and information. Compensation costs up 0. Compensation costs increased 0.

Но она отдавала себе отчет в том, что, если Хейла отправят домой, он сразу же заподозрит неладное, начнет обзванивать коллег-криптографов, спрашивать, что они об этом думают, В конце концов Сьюзан решила, что будет лучше, если Хейл останется. Он и так скоро уйдет. Код, не поддающийся взлому. Сьюзан вздохнула, мысли ее вернулись к Цифровой крепости. Она не могла поверить, что такой алгоритм может быть создан, но ведь доказательство налицо - у нее перед глазами.

Сьюзан прочитала открывшееся сообщение, которое состояло из одной строчки, потом прочитала его еще. ПООБЕДАЕМ У АЛЬФРЕДА. В 8 ВЕЧЕРА. В другом конце комнаты Хейл еле слышно засмеялся. Сьюзан взглянула на адресную строку сообщения. FROM: CHALECRYPTO. NSA.

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1 Comments

  1. Victor A.

    TERMS. PDF VERSION BLM cadastral personnel, some terms will have a meaning unique to BLM ACSM – American Congress on Surveying and Mapping.

    17.04.2021 at 01:46 Reply

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