File Name: pros and cons of capital punishment .zip
Human civilizations have used the death penalty in their set of laws for over 4, years. There have been times when only a few crimes receive this consequence, while some societies, such as the seventh century B.
- Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed?
- 18 Advantages and Disadvantages of the Death Penalty
- The Death Penalty
Since , one year after the US Supreme Court reaffirmed the constitutionality of the death penalty , more than 1, people have been executed, primarily by means of lethal injection. Most death penalty cases involve the execution of murderers although capital punishment can also be applied for treason , espionage , and other crimes. Proponents of the death penalty say it is an important tool for preserving law and order, deters crime, and costs less than life imprisonment.
Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed?
This is because the debate whether capital punishment is ethical and justifiable is still widely disputed. Therefore, let's review each reason for and against capital punishment to determine if it is ethical and logical. Reasons For Capital Punishment1. Prison: There are three purposes for prison. First, prison separates criminals for the safety of the general population. Second, prison is a form of punishment. Third and finally, the punishment of prison is expected to rehabilitate prisoners; so that when prisoners are released from prison, these ex-convicts are less likely to repeat their crimes and risk another prison sentence.
The logic for capital punishment is that prisons are for rehabilitating convicts who will eventually leave prison, and therefore prison is not for people who would never be released from prisons alive.
Cost of Prison: Typically, the cost of imprisoning someone for life is much more expensive than executing that same person.
However with the expensive costs of appeals in courts of law, it is arguable if capital punishment is truly cost effective when compared with the cost of life imprisonment. Safety: Criminals who receive the death penalty are typically violent individuals. Therefore for the safety of the prison's guards, other prisoners, and the general public in case a death row inmate escapes prison , then logic dictates that safety is a reason for capital punishment.
Deters Crime: There is no scientific proof that nations with capital punishment have a lower rate of crime, therefore the risk of the death penalty does not seem to deter crime. Extreme Punishment: The logic is that the more severe the crime, then the more severe the punishment is necessary. But what is the most severe punishment: lifetime in prison or execution?
I am not sure that anyone alive is qualified to answer this question. Appropriate Punishment: It is commonly believed that the punishment of a crime should equal the crime, if possible. This is also known as "an eye for eye" justice.
Therefore using this logic, the appropriate punishment for murder is death. Vengeance: Some crimes are so horrific that some people think that revenge or retribution is the only option.
This reasoning is not based on logic; but rather, it is based on emotions. Therefore, this reason should not be deemed a valid justification.
Reasons Against Capital Punishment1. Prison: It is often believe that prison is a viable alternative to executing a person. However as mentioned above, even imprisonment for life with no chance of parole still has issues.
Not Humane: Killing a person is not humane, even if the criminal is not humane. What is humane is subjective to a person's upbringing, education, beliefs, and religion. Therefore different people interpret what is humane differently. For instance, some people consider putting a pet asleep is humane if the animal is in great pain, but doing the same thing for a person is often not considered humane.
Other people would not kill an animal even for food. In some cultures, mercy killings are honorable. Fairness: The life of the criminal can not compensate for the crime committed.
Basically, two wrongs do not make a right. Pain of Death: Executing a person can be quick and painless, or executing a person can be slow and painful. The method, and therefore the pain, of capital punishment is also subjective to society's norms. Some cultures prefer suffering, others do not. Violates Human Rights: Some groups of people deem death a violation of the person's right to live. Other groups of people disagree that the death penalty is a cruel and unusual punishment.
There is no clear definition of what human rights are, so there will always be disagreements with whether it violates human rights. Wrongly Convicted: Some people executed were proven too late to be wrongly convicted of a crime that they did not commit. Playing God: Some people believe that all deaths should be natural. Other people believe murder is a part of nature. Salvation: Felons have less time and likelihood of finding spiritual salvation if they are executed.
The obvious question for this reasoning is salvation a valid concern for the state? Forgiveness: Criminals have less time and likelihood to seek forgiveness for their crimes if they are executed. Again, is forgiveness a valid concern for the government? Amends: Executing someone decreases the time and likelihood for the criminal to repair any damage from the crime. Should the state be concerned over this too? Family Hardship: It is often said that the family members of the executed needlessly suffer too, yet the crime itself has victims and family members too.
Reasons For and Against Capital Punishment1. Religion: Different religions have different beliefs concerning capital punishment.
Even individual religions have contradictory beliefs. For instance, the Bible clear states the death penalty as valid and just, yet at the same time murder is not allowed and salvation must be offered.
Since not everyone is of the same religion and each person can even interpret the same religion differently, the role of religion concerning the death penalty is very unclear. This is why governments should separate state and church.
Morality: The morality of killing a person is also subjective for each person. Throughout the life of an individual, their beliefs and morality can and most likely will change. As we can plainly see, there are several good reasons to support and oppose capital punishment. Also, there are several bad reasons to be for and against the death penalty too. Furthermore, the general population has a wide range of beliefs concerning capital punishment.
Even these beliefs of the general population are subject to change. BackgroundThe case of Stanley "Tookie" Williams illustrates the moral complexities of the death penalty. Williams, an author and Nobel Peace and Literature Prizes nominee who was put to death on December 13, by lethal injection by the state of California, brought capital punishment back into prominent public debate. Williams was convicted of four murders committed in , and sentenced to death.
Williams professed innocence of these crimes. He was also co-founder of the Crips, a deadly and powerful Los Angeles-based street gang responsible for hundreds of murders. About five years after incarceration, Mr.
Williams underwent a religious conversion and, as a result, authored many books and programs to promote peace and to fight gangs and gang violence. Williams' was a self-admitted life of crime and violence, followed by genuine redemption and a life of uniquely and unusually good works.
The circumstantial evidence against Williams left little doubt that he committed the four murders, despite last-minute claims by supporters. There also existed no doubt that Mr. Williams posed no further threat to society, and would contribute considerable good. The victim is already dead-you cannot bring him back. Therefore, how can one even have time to think of fear in the heat of passion Internet?
They claim it is very disturbing to anyone who values human life. Ninety-nine percent of criminal defendants end up penniless by the time their case is up for appeal. They claim they are treated unfairly. Most murderers who do not have any money, receive the death penalty. Those who live in counties pro-death penalty are more likely to receive the death penalty. Death Penalty Failed as a DeterrentSome criminologist claim they have statistically proven that when an execution is publicized, more murders occur in the day and weeks that follow.
A good example is in the Linberg kidnapping. A number of states adopted the death penalty for crime like this, but figures showed kidnapping increased.
Publicity may encourage crime instead of preventing it McClellan, G. Death is one penalty which makes error irreversible and the chance of error is inescapable when based on human judgment. On the contrary, sometimes defendants insist on execution. They feel it is an act of kindness to them. The argument here is -Is life imprisonment a crueler fate? Does the death penalty give increased protection against being murdered?
18 Advantages and Disadvantages of the Death Penalty
It is considered the just punishment for a person legally convicted of an action which is deemed a safety threat to society. Most states in the U. Capital punishment is a legal penalty at the federal level in the United States for murder as well, along with treason, espionage, piracy, certain drug-trafficking offenses, or the attempted murder of a juror, court officer, or witness in some situation. As of , every prisoner under a federal death sentence was convicted of aggravated murder. The U. That includes Private Eddie Slovik, who was executed on January 31, under the conviction of desertion.
Throughout history, societies around the world have used capital punishments as a way to punish the most heinous crimes. While capital punishment is still practised today, many countries have abolished it. Even in India, there have been discussions to put capital punishment to an end. Given the moral complexities and depth of emotions, capital punishment is a controversial debate on the global level. Here in this article, we would deal with what Capital Punishment is, its history, pros and cons. Based upon the principles of due process of law, it is interchangeable with the punishment of Death Penalty, which indicates that a penalty of Capital Punishment may sometimes be used in the sense of life imprisonment. As of now, around 60 countries use capital punishment in their justice delivery system.
The Death Penalty
Since , one year after the US Supreme Court reaffirmed the constitutionality of the death penalty , more than 1, people have been executed, primarily by means of lethal injection. Most death penalty cases involve the execution of murderers although capital punishment can also be applied for treason , espionage , and other crimes. Proponents of the death penalty say it is an important tool for preserving law and order, deters crime, and costs less than life imprisonment. Opponents of capital punishment say it has no deterrent effect on crime, wrongly gives governments the power to take human life, and perpetuates social injustices by disproportionately targeting people of color racist and people who cannot afford good attorneys classist.
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