responsive web design interview questions and answers pdf

Responsive Web Design Interview Questions And Answers Pdf

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These are the three primary skills where the companies will evaluate the candidates appearing for the interviews.

Web Development is one of the top career paths of this decade. Every firm, product, or company that wants to establish online will have a presence on the Internet through a website.

Nick Mertens. These CSS interview questions and answers will help you show that you know the basics, some of the newer tricks, and that you know how to stay up to date - which will go a long way towards improving your chances of securing that coveted second interview. Looking for more intervew prep?

15 frequently asked Web Designer Interview Questions

What is white space and how does it affect content on the web? White space in graphic design is any area left intentionally blank. Both in web design and other media white space can be efficiently used to visually separate or group elements, to draw attention to a specific element, to reinforce the content layout or grid.

Sometimes, white space is also used purely aesthetically to create visually interesting compositions. Gestalt principles are part of the theory of visual perception. A few of the principles commonly used in design are:. Similarity - the human mind perceives elements with similar features either in color, shape, size or combination of the three as related, meaningfully connected or grouped together. This is especially useful in navigation systems design and application toolbars;.

Proximity - similarly to the similarity principle, elements which are placed close to each other are considered grouped, related, or parts of a whole. This is a building principle of layout design. This is a principle often used in logo design. Common fate - elements moving synchronously in tandem are often conceived as grouped or as parts of a single object. Common fate can be useful in interaction design;.

This principle can be used in logo design to generate interest. It can also be used when building layouts or compositions to make them look as a single tidy object, rather than a bunch of cluttered elements. How do you combine fonts? Which types of fonts work nicely together? How many different types is OK to use on a website? Some fonts work together nicely and look good on the same page. To combine two fonts properly we need to look for similarities and differences between them serifs, historic background, x-height, thickness, aperture, stroke contrast.

Combining fonts that look too similar should be avoided like combining Helvetica with Lucida Grande or Arial with Verdana. What makes a good color scheme? Can you name a few examples of complementary, analogous and monochromatic color schemes? There are several ways to combine colors effectively.

Monochromatic - using a few different hues of the same tint, such as combining pale green with deep, dark green and using bright green for accents. Analogous - using colors that stand close to each other on the color wheel and the rainbow , such as orange and yellow, blue and green, or red and purple. Usually, it works for elements placed next to each other, but not as effectively as combinations for foreground and background.

Complementary - using colors which stand on opposing sides of the color wheel such as orange and purple, blue and yellow, or green and red. These colors generally have good contrast and if they also differ in lightness, they can be used as pairs for foreground and background colors. JPEG compression reduces the image size by finding areas of a similar color; the higher the compression level, the more aggressively it looks for such areas leading to a loss of visual information and the generation of artefacts at the edges of the compressed areas.

This compression is effective for photos, drawings, gradients, most illustrations and other colorful, rich images.

PNG compression works by reducing the number of used colors. Depending on the level of compression this could lead to slight loss of color shades. PNG is great for logos, icons, signs, images containing text, for simple illustrations, UI elements and screenshots.

Unlike JPEG, it also allows images to have transparent areas. How do you produce and interpret raster mockups made for high resolution displays including most smartphones? There are many ways to improve the performance of a website and developers may have ideas specific to the nature of each project. A few of the more common and easy to implement optimizations are:. The H1 of a document, article or section is considered to be its main heading or title. Although these tags create specific visual treatment STRONG makes the text bold, EM makes it italicised and SMALL makes it smaller , this is not their purpose and they should not be used simply to style a piece of content in a specific way.

To style text as bold, italic or in smaller font, generic tags can be used and the styles applied with CSS code instead of abusing semantic HTML5 elements.

HTML5 provides many new element types so the more complex content may be properly marked up. This helps machines such as search engines, parsers, screen readers, etc. Advantages: Frameworks allow for fast prototyping of layouts, elements and pages, and promote reusability of consistent elements across the whole project. This often eliminates the need of dead end deliverables such as Photoshop mockups or other high-fidelity static sketches. In contrast, the HTML prototypes powered by a framework later evolve into the actual production templates code used by the new site.

Finally, frameworks come with good practices and commonly used pieces of standardized, well documented code built-in, and a large community to turn to when issues arise. Disadvantages: Although frameworks provide tons of built-in features and eliminate the need to write repetitive code, they also tend to generalize common elements and often lead to samey-looking designs. Sometimes, frameworks come with too much stuff that never gets used, or redundant styles that get overridden if not used correctly, leading to slower load times compared to a clean code written from scratch.

To properly utilise a CSS framework, developers should not include the compiled CSS of the framework and then write their own overrides. Another frequent mistake is the heavy reliance on framework markup for layout and styling, which makes the separation of content and style harder and leads to design changes requiring editing HTML instead of CSS.

When talking about responsive web design, what are the differences between the Mobile First and the Desktop First approaches? Where does each excel and what are some of the issues it leads to? Mobile First is a methodology for creating responsive CSS code where the styles for mobile devices are written first, without media queries, and for each screen size step up, a new media query is added extending, modifying and overriding the existing styles of the previous smaller step.

Very effective for simpler designs where larger screen styles are an upgraded version of the smaller ones, for example, when decoration or new elements are added for richer experience on larger screens.

Disadvantages - This technique is not as effective if the mobile and the desktop versions of the layout have significant differences, or for complex layouts and for most web apps. In such cases, the Mobile First code gets more complex than necessary with too many overrides. Desktop First is the classic way of writing CSS; the desktop version of the styles is either not in media queries or starts with a minimum width requirement, and for each screen size smaller than the initial one, a new media query is added starting from the largest to the smallest.

With each consequent media query, elements are hidden, rearranged or re-styled. Advantages - As opposed to the Mobile First approach, Desktop First excels at designs that significantly differ between screen sizes, such as when elements are removed as the screen gets smaller.

This is also the only way to add responsive capabilities to an existing older website without rewriting its code. Disadvantages - If not implemented correctly, it could lead to unused or overridden code and assets being loaded on smaller devices thus making the website heavier on smartphones.

This leads to unnecessary overriding of styles and writing extra code for simpler designs where Mobile First could be implemented more easily. A few of the principles commonly used in design are: Similarity - the human mind perceives elements with similar features either in color, shape, size or combination of the three as related, meaningfully connected or grouped together. This is especially useful in navigation systems design and application toolbars; Proximity - similarly to the similarity principle, elements which are placed close to each other are considered grouped, related, or parts of a whole.

The headings or display font could be more lavish, exquisite and detailed, while the main copy should be a simpler font that is readable in smaller sizes. For most designs, one or two font families will suffice with a possible third used sparingly for very specific purposes. Here are a few: Monochromatic - using a few different hues of the same tint, such as combining pale green with deep, dark green and using bright green for accents. Apply to Toptal's Freelance Web jobs.

Different image compression formats have different purposes with different compression methods. When used as a background image in CSS, media queries can be used to target different devices so the most suitable size of an image is served to each user. Effectively one should treat every two-by-two pixel square of the Photoshop mockup as a single pixel on the device. When you embed self-hosted video on a web site, what format would you use? Name a few easy ways to optimize a website.

Where would you start? A few of the more common and easy to implement optimizations are: Minimize CSS and JS code to save a few hundred kilobytes of each page load. Have all assets compressed in the most appropriate format and at optimal settings a good balance between quality loss and speed gain in important. How many H1 tags can you have on a single web page?

Does it even matter? Each of the three has semantic purpose and should only be used to mark text as follows: EM - Emphasized text. This is text that should be emphasized thus changing the meaning of its context. Can be used in titles, headings or paragraphs to emphasize the word or phrase that bears the most importance in the sentence.

It can also be used to stress the importance, or seriousness, of a word or phrase. Used for disclaimers, clarifications and general de-emphasizing of the marked text. ARTICLE defines a piece of self-contained content with a heading of its own, which can exist outside the context of its web page.

Useful for a news piece, an article, a product. FIGURE designates an image as a figure related to the content such as a schematic, blueprint or chart. ASIDE indicates information related to the main content on the page but is not a part of the actual content. An example usage would be a list of related articles on the same topic as the main article. At the end of the day, hiring remains an art, a science — and a lot of work. Submit a Question. Thanks for submitting your question. Our editorial staff will review it shortly.

Work with leading US companies on Web freelance jobs. Design your career as a web designer with Toptal. Roman Pittner Czech Republic. Roman has more than nine years of experience in various fields of freelance digital design: from creative agencies, working for clients such as IKEA, Vodafone or Pepsi to fast-paced European startups.

He always focuses on his clients' business needs as well as striving to understand the end user's perspective—that's why, while practicing product design, he also earned a master's degree in psychology. Hire Roman.

Web Designing Interview Questions

The time has come to hire a web designer , or web design firm, and you have no idea where to start. Sure, regular interview questions can help you when it comes to whether a candidate will be a good fit, but you need to dig deeper into their web design knowledge. Your website is the online face of your company so you want to make sure you hire someone that has a strong understanding of not only design fundamentals, but also basic web development concepts. You want to hire someone whose design aesthetic is similar to that of your company, or someone who is at least familiar designing with that aesthetic. This guide will give you the ten questions you need to ask when you are looking to hire a web designer, or web design firm, for your next big project. Top 10 web design questions for and beyond.


Responsive Web Design Interview Questions And Answers · Q. What is the major sign that your website is not responsive or having issues? · A. Presence of.


50 Web Developer Interview Questions (2019 Edition)

A list of top frequently asked CSS interview questions and answers are given below. It is a popular styling language which is used with HTML to design websites. More details It is a language that defines markup languages. CSS frameworks are the preplanned libraries which make easy and more standard compliant web page styling.

Are you looking for a web designer job and going to an interview soon, but still have no clue about how to prepare for an interview? Are you worried that you will lose out on your dream job because you lack basic interview skills? This article provides 27 of the latest essential web designer interview questions and answers. So, you can easily impress the interviewers and land that job smoothly. Table of Contents.

To set an image as a background on web page, point the body background to the name of your image you want to set as a background as shown below. You can also fix the background image, so while using the scroll bar in the browser, it does not move. Responsive design is an approach to building sites to provide an optimal viewing and interaction experience.

Top 27 Web Designer Interview Questions & Answers and Top 4 Interview Tips to Impress HR in 2019

What is white space and how does it affect content on the web? White space in graphic design is any area left intentionally blank. Both in web design and other media white space can be efficiently used to visually separate or group elements, to draw attention to a specific element, to reinforce the content layout or grid. Sometimes, white space is also used purely aesthetically to create visually interesting compositions. Gestalt principles are part of the theory of visual perception.

Responsive Web Design RWD is now seen as the future of web development and with mobile first index being introduced in Google Search algorithm responsive sites trends is here to stay. Whenever you go for interview for web designing or web developer these questions are mostly asked by the interviewer. Here are we going to discuss the top responsive web design interview questions and answers with you.

В конце концов ей пришлось смириться. Когда они в ту ночь отправились спать, она старалась радоваться с ним вместе, но что-то в глубине души говорило ей: все это кончится плохо. Она оказалась права, но никогда не подозревала насколько. - Вы заплатили ему десять тысяч долларов? - Она повысила голос.  - Это грязный трюк. - Трюк? - Теперь уже Стратмор не мог скрыть свое раздражение.  - Это вовсе не трюк.

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